Close message Scootle will stop supporting resources that use the Adobe Flash plug-in from 18 Dec 2020. Learning paths that include these resources will have alerts to notify teachers and students that one or more of the resources will be unavailable. Click here for more info.

Arabic / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Expand spoken and written expression by extending grammatical knowledge of Arabic, including features such as conditional and subjunctive moods, embedded clauses, imperative, future tense and vocative case, and acquisition of vocabulary and expressions that are culturally embedded

[Key concepts: grammatical structures, irregularity, expansion of ideas; Key processes: applying, analysing, selecting]

 (ACLARU030)

Elaborations
  • using سوف in addition to the present tense to express future plans, for example, سوف أذهب إلى الجامعة؛ سوف أسافر مع أهلي؛ سوف أشتري سيارة؛ سوف أعمل في مطعم
  • using the conditional mood as a formulaic expression, for example,

    لو: لو نجحت، سوف يشتري لي أبي محمولاً جديداً

  • understanding and using the conjunctions لكن to compare people and actions, expanding on their expression, for example, خالي غني لكن عمّي فقير؛

    أخي يلعب كثيرا لكن أختي تدرس دائم

  • using interrogative pronouns and expressions such as لماذا؛ لمَ؟ هل؟ to ask questions and make requests, for example,

    لماذا أحضرت الكرة معك إلى الصف؟ هل تقدر أن تعطيني القلم؟ لمَ تحب الموسيقى؟

  • expanding their knowledge of noun–adjective agreement through understanding and applying the irregular plural form, for example,

    بيت/بيوت كبيرة؛ كرسي/كراسي جديدة؛ كتاب/كتب قيمة؛ يوم/أيام جميلة؛ تلميذ/تلاميذ مجتهدون؛ معلمون ملتزمون

  • using expressions to indicate preference and compare, for example,

    هذا أقل من هذا؛ الكتاب أخف من الكرسي؛ العلوم أفضل من الرياضة

  • creating compound and complex sentences by using embedded clauses such asالكتاب المفضل لدي (والذي أحبه كثيرا) هو ...
  • understanding that Arabic uses the dual form of nouns, verbs and adjectives, in both masculine and feminine forms, for example,

    هذان كتابان جديدان؛ هاتان صديقتان وفيتان

  • understanding and applying indirect object pronouns and passive voice to express ideas objectively in texts such as articles and speeches, for example, أُنهيت المباراة سريعاً ؛ دُق الجرس متأخراً
  • using cohesive devices to sequence ideas, for example, في البداية؛ بعد ذلك؛ أخيراً
  • extending use of negative forms, for example, لن أتصل بك؛ لم أتأخر عن الدرس؛ ليس عندي وقت
  • using إلا to express exceptions, for example, أحب كل المواد إلا الرياضيات
  • describing people and objects using comparatives and superlatives, for example, رسمك جميل؛ رسم سامي أجمل من رسمي؛ رسم عدنان الأجمل
  • using elements of exaggeration and emphasis, for example,

    للمرة المليون أكرر هذه العبارة

  • using a range of irregular adjectives to describe number, shape and colour, for example, قميص أحمر؛ حقيبة حمراء؛ قلم أخضر؛ ممحاة خضراء؛ شكل مدور؛ مثلث؛ مربع؛ مستطيل
  • using singular and plural third person possessive pronouns to indicate relationships, for example, أصدقاؤهم كتابه؛ قلمها؛
  • using adverbial phrases to expand on ideas and provide further information related to feelings, attitudes and abilities, for example, متأخراً؛ باكراً؛ دائماً؛ مسرعاً
  • developing metalanguage to discuss grammatical features and to explain how word order, tenses and moods, adjectives and adverbs can be used to enhance meaning and expand expression
  • using imperative verb forms to persuade, encourage, and give advice, for example,

    لنذهب إلى المعلم ونسأله؛ هيا حاول مرة ثانية؛ ممتاز! أحسنت؛ تكلم مع سامر

  • using subjunctive mood to express doubt, uncertainty or emotion, for example,

    ربما نذهب إلى السينما يوم السبت ؛ قد أسافر في العطلة

General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Tense (Grammar),  Arabic language,  Embedded clauses,  Imperative mood,  Conditionality (Grammar),  Subjunctive mood,  Vocative case

Interactive Resource

Vocabolario

This is a collection of interactive Italian language vocabulary drills that focus on essential nouns, verbs and adjectives from topics such as personal identity, ordinal numbers, school, family and friends. It is divided into five chapters that relate to the textbook 'Prego', but can also be used as a stand-alone resource, ...

Text

The present perfect

This is a collection of digital activities and printable worksheets for the Italian language curriculum that introduces the present perfect of regular and irregular verbs, and its use in recounting recent events. It includes sections on regular verbs with 'avere', irregular past participles, verbs with 'essere' and reflexive ...

Interactive Resource

Verbi

This is a collection of Italian language resources focusing on the formation and use of regular verbs with the endings '-are', '-ire' and '-ere'; auxiliary verbs ('avere' and 'essere'); and other common irregular verbs in the present, gerund and present perfect tenses. It includes modal verbs, idiomatic expressions with ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: city excursion [Arabic/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Arabic or English about a class excursion by train to central Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in English. See photos of the places the class visited, including the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Sydney Opera House, a toy museum and Circular Quay. Select hyperlinks to see images of ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: Manly excursion [Arabic/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Arabic or English about a class excursion by train and ferry to Manly Beach, Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in Arabic. See photos of the people and places the class saw on their excursion, including a street performer, Circular Quay, Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: a music lesson [Dari/English]

Listen to a present-tense text, spoken in Dari or English, about a music class. Read a written version of the text in English. Meet the students, who come from many different countries including Vietnam, China and Thailand. Select hyperlinks to see images of key words in the text. Then try five activities to test your understanding ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: city excursion [Dari/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Dari or English about a class excursion by train to central Sydney. Read the recount in English. See photos of the places the class visited, including the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Sydney Opera House, a toy museum and Circular Quay. Select hyperlinks to see images of key words in the recount. ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: Manly excursion [Dinka/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Dinka or English about a class excursion by train and ferry to Manly Beach, Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in Dinka. See photos of the people and places the class saw on their excursion, including a street performer, Circular Quay, Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, Manly ...

Moving Image

La mappa misteriosa: episode 12 - Dream ticket

This is episode 12 of 'La mappa misteriosa', a 12-episode video series for Italian language students. It is the last episode of the story and introduces the language required to purchase tickets and to talk about arrivals and departures, along with a revision of the core vocabulary and grammar developed throughout the 12 ...

Interactive Resource

La mappa misteriosa: episode 12 - vocabulary and grammar

This is a collection of interactive tutorials and activities that focus on the Italian vocabulary and grammar at the centre of episode 12 of 'La mappa misteriosa'. They cover introducing the expressions used to buy tickets, and consolidating core grammar and vocabulary such as regular verbs ending in '-are', '-ere' and ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: a music lesson [Arabic/English]

Listen to a present-tense text, spoken in Arabic or English, about a music class. Read a written version of the text in English. Meet the students, who come from many different countries including Vietnam, China and Thailand. Select hyperlinks to see images of key words in the text. Then try five activities to test your ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: city excursion [Dinka/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Dinka or English about a class excursion by train to central Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in English. See photos of the places the class visited, including the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Sydney Opera House, a toy museum and Circular Quay. Select hyperlinks to see images of ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: Manly excursion [Dari/English]

Listen to a spoken recount in Dari or English about a class excursion by train and ferry to Manly Beach, Sydney. Read a written version of the recount in Dari. See photos of the people and places the class saw on their excursion, including a street performer, Circular Quay, Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, Manly ...

Interactive resource

Out and about: a music lesson [Dinka/English]

Listen to a present-tense text, spoken in Dinka or English, about a music class. Read a written version of the text in English. Meet the students, who come from many different countries including Vietnam, China and Thailand. Select hyperlinks to see images of key words in the text. Then try five activities to test your ...