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Arabic / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Analyse how the use of grammatical elements such as indirect object, passive voice, dual form, verb tense and word order impact on tone, speech level and formality, and on meaning-making

[Key concepts: register, grammatical systems, meaning; Key processes: analysing, explaining, manipulating, applying]

 (ACLARU183)

Elaborations
  • understanding that Arabic uses the dual form of nouns, verbs and adjectives, in both masculine and feminine forms, for example,أنتما تلعبان؛ هذان كتابان؛ الوردتان جميلتان
  • understanding the importance of vocalisation on the subject word and the object word and analysing how this affects the meaning of the sentence, for example,

    كلّمت الأمُّ البنتَ؛ كلّمت الأمَّ البنتُ

  • manipulating interrogative verb forms to ask a range of questions, for example,

    قل لي لمَ لم تتّصل بي؟ أتصلت بك عدة مرات ولم ترد عليّ. أخبرني ماذا تريد أن تصبح في المستقبل؟ إشرح لي أسباب عدم قبولك دعوتي لحفل عيد ميلادي. ألسنا أصدقاء؟

  • understanding and applying indirect object pronouns and passive voice to express ideas objectively in texts such as articles and speeches, for example,

    مُنعَ الكتاب بسبب أفكاره الجريئة؛ خُصّصَ وقت بعد المدرسة لتعليم اللّغة العربية

  • using cohesive devices to sequence ideas, for example,

    في البداية أود أن أحدثكم عن يوم النّظافة العالمي؛ وبعد ذلك سأشرح لكم طرق المشاركة في هذا اليوم؛ ثمّ سأريكم بعض الصور وختاماً سآخذكم في جولة قصيرة حول الحديقة العامة

  • extending use of negative forms, for example,

    لم أحب أبداً مشاهدة الأفلام القديمة التي تشاهدها أمّي لأنّها لا تناقش أموراً عصريّة؛ ليس كل ما تقرأونه في الكتب صحيحاً ولا ما تشاهدونه على التلفاز حقيقيّاً

  • using إلاّ to express exceptions, for example, جميع أصدقائي يلعبون رياضة ما خلال الأسبوع إلّا أنا
  • using comparative and superlative forms of adjectives to describe people and objects, for example,

    صديقتي هناء هي أجمل فتاة رأيتها في حياتي؛ فهي أحنّ صديقة؛ واكثرواحدة تحب مساعدة الآخرين؛ إنّها أيضاً أمهر طبّاخة والأفضل في كل شيء

  • understanding how to use exaggeration and emphasis for effect, for example,

    ألف مبروك على رخصة القيادة؛ أنا أفكر بك دائماً؛ قلت للمرة المليون بأنني لم اسمع جرس المحمول لأردّ عليك

  • developing metalanguage to discuss grammatical features and to explain how word order, tenses and moods, adjectives and adverbs can be used to enhance meaning and expand expression
  • using imperative verb tenses to persuade, encourage and advise others, for example,

    شاركوا في الردّ على الموقع الإلكتروني؛ لا تنسوا شاهدوا الفيلم الأسطوري؛ سيعجبكم جداً؛ هيّا تشددوا وحاولوا أن تكملوا البحث بجدارة ؛ إتّصلوا على الرقم المذكور في الإعلان

  • using subjunctive mood to express doubt, uncertainty or emotion, for example,

    قد يكون كلامك صحيحاً ولكني لست متأكّداً منه؛ ربما تقبل أمي أن أذهب معك إلى الحفل لست متأكدة

  • creating compound and complex sentences by using embedded clauses, for example,

    أحب القراءة كثيراً بالرّغم من أن الكثير من الناس لا يحبون أن يقرأوا بل يفضلون مشاهدة التلفاز ؛ لا أعرف لماذا أصدقائي والّذين أصولهم عربية؛ لا يحبون الأغاني العربيّة!

General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Tense (Grammar),  Register (Language),  Arabic language,  Intonation,  Word order,  Passive voice

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