Framework for Aboriginal Languages and Torres Strait Islander Languages / Foundation to Year 2 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise there are many ways of communicating messages in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages

[Key concepts: communication, narrative; Key processes: recognising, identifying, comparing]


  • understanding that there are different ways of telling a story, such as Elders yarning, through song, dance and music and associated visual design and spectacle, and through painting (body, bark, rock, sand)
  • recognising that communication also occurs through sign language
  • understanding that texts have a purpose, for example, traditional stories, including hunting and travelling stories, paintings, songs and dances
  • understanding Country/Place as a text
  • identifying some features of narratives, for example, they are usually about journeys across Country/Place, involving landforms, people, animals and plants
  • recognising that writing, like speech, is rule-bound and involves following the conventions of different types of text
  • noticing how texts such as storybooks are sequenced and organised, for example, by identifying the main title and connections between pictures and written text
  • understanding that texts can take many forms; that they can be very short, for example, a sign, or quite long, for example, a story, song or multimodal presentation
  • recognising that written texts are made up of words, groups of words and illustrations or images that together make meaning
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Australian languages

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