Indonesian / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Develop knowledge of vocabulary and structure to extend meanings, such as complex verbs, affixation, a range of cohesive devices and object-focus construction

[Key concept: grammatical systems; Key processes: experimenting, applying]

 (ACLINU115)

Elaborations
  • identifying people by pronouns or titles, for example, Kepala Sekolah, si (diminutive) and nicknames
  • describing the qualities of people using adjectives of character, for example, murah hati, bertanggung-jawab
  • indicating possibility, for example, mungkin, mudah-mudahan, semoga
  • specifying what is being referred to, for example, yang ini, yang itu
  • understanding embedded clauses using yang, for example, Saya belum berkenalan dengan murid yang baru datang dari Australia
  • indicating equivalence using adalah
  • indicating action using transitive verbs, me- verb system (-kan or -i suffix) and their object-focus di- forms
  • showing lack of purpose, for example, jalan-jalan, duduk-duduk, melihat-lihat
  • relating people and position using prepositions, for example, kepada
  • comparing things using comparatives and superlatives, for example, ter-, makin lama…, makin + adjective
  • seeking information using interrogatives and question forms, for example, mengapa, bagaimana, yang mana, untuk apa/siapa, dengan apa/siapa
  • requesting that others do something for own benefit (minta, harap, mohon, tolong); for others’ benefit (silakan)
  • excusing and apologising, for example, permisi dulu, minta maaf, maafkan saya
  • giving advice with suffix -lah, for example, beristirahatlah, tunggulah, nasehat saya, sebaiknya, seharusnya, jangan
  • showing empathy and well-wishing, for example, kasihan, harap cepat sembuh, semoga sukses
  • giving opinion, for example, saya berpendapat bahwa, saya percaya
  • contrasting two ideas using conjunctions, for example, namun, namun demikian, walaupun begitu, meskipun
  • referring to abstract ideas using affixation and nominalisation, for example, belajar/pelajar/pelajaran, kerja/mengerjakan/pekerjaan, sakit/penyakit/kesakitan
  • referring to events and time using frequency markers (for example, sering kali, sekali-sekali, belum pernah, hampir tidak pernah) and time indicators, for example, tadi malam, nanti, nanti sore, sekarang, pada masa depan, yang akan datang, waktu liburan yang lalu
  • referring back to something specific using tersebut
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Compound words,  Cohesion (Language),  Affixes,  Indonesian language,  Transitivity (Grammar),  Objects (Grammar)

Search results

Refine by topic

Related topic
Unfortunately there are no resources matching your search criteria. Try broadening your search criteria or enter a different word or phrase.