Korean / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Extend grammatical knowledge of Korean language, including the range of forms and functions of particles, suffixes,verb endings and irregular verb forms

[Key concepts: grammatical structures, modality, irregularity; Key processes:analysing, classifying, applying, explaining]


  • modifying nouns using an adjectival form of a descriptive verb suffixed by –(으)ㄴ, for example, 예쁜 꽃, 맑은 물
  • using particles such as –한테/에게, –한테서/에게서, –(으)로 (instrumental and directional), –보다, –와/과, –만, –도,–부터 and –까지, including honorific case markers –께, –께서, –께서는
  • recognising the meaningful parts of a verb, for example, 먹+어요
  • expressing ideas or events relating to the future, suggestions, plans and hopes using forms such as–(으)ㄹ 거예요 and –(으)ㄹ까요?
  • learning how to ask and answer negativequestions, for example, 숙제를 안 했어요? 아니요, 했어요 / 네, 안 했어요)
  • connecting clauses using basic conjunctivesuffixes (clausal connectives) –어/아서, –고, –(으)면, –지만
  • using basic complex-verb structures such as –어/아 주다, –어/아 보다, –지 말다with an –어/아요ending to express provision, trial and prohibition (읽어 주세요, 입어 보세요, 쓰지 마세요)
  • expressing time using structures such as: a noun + 때/동안; a noun +전/후에, for example, 방학 때; 일 년 동안; 한 달 전/후에
  • using somebasic irregular verbs, such as 들어요 (듣다), 불러요 (부르다), 더워요 (덥다), 추워요 (춥다), 아름다워요 (아름답다)
  • expressing relativelocation using a structure: a noun + a location word + , for example, 식탁 위에 상자가 있어요
  • expanding metalinguisticknowledge by receptive use of:
    • intimate copula verb ending (a noun + (이)야)
    • expressions of intentions andlikelihood: –겠어요, –(으)ㄹ 것 같아요
    • conjunctors connecting clauses (–(으)니까, –(으)러)
    • complex structures such as–어/아야 하다, –어/아도 되다, with the informal polite ending –아/어요 (가야 해요, 먹어도 돼요), recognising that they are in the samestructure as –어/아 주다, –어/아 보다 and –지 말다 (verb stem + suffix + auxiliary verb) and that the auxiliary verbs add meaningssuch as obligation, permission and attempt
    • complex structures connecting verbs with various functions (to beintroduced as a set phrase, for example, –기 때문에, –기 위해(서)
    • levels of politeness in speech, for example, formalpolite, informal polite, intimate, for example, 해, 해요, 합니다
    • honorific suffix –시–, for example, 하십니다,가르치십니다
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Conjugation (Grammar),  Suffixes,  Grammatical particles,  Irregular verbs,  Korean language

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