Vietnamese / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Apply knowledge of sounds, tones and spelling to spoken and written Vietnamese, inferring the meaning of unfamiliar words encountered in a range of contexts, and explore intonation patterns and pauses in a range of sentences

[Key concepts: inference, connections; Key processes: applying, inferring]


  • applying Vietnamese phonic and spelling knowledge to pronounce and infer spelling of unfamiliar words, for example, words containing consonant clusters kh, ng, ngh, nh, diphthongs and triphthongs such as ôi, ơi, oe, oai, ươi, ương, uyên, or new words encountered in interactions and texts in Vietnamese, for example, determining the spelling of the unfamiliar word người from that of the known word mười
  • understanding and applying Vietnamese spelling and pronunciation with increasing accuracy in own speech and writing
  • recognising the differences in intonation between statements (Con không đi chơi đâu.), questions (Con không đi chơi đâu à?) and exclamations (Con không đi chơi đâu!)
  • recognising and using appropriate rhythm in complex sentences, using pauses and intonation to signal clause boundaries and emphasis, for example, Con thích cái áo mà mẹ tặng cho con hôm sinh nhật vừa rồi
  • comparing own Vietnamese speech with standard Vietnamese pronunciation and making adjustments to their pronunciation of certain sounds or tones as necessary
  • recognising regional variations in pronunciation (from different regions such as the North, the Central and the South), for example, different ways of pronouncing dấu hỏi and dấu ngã, s and x, ch as tr, v/gi and d, and final consonants such as -t and -c (khuôn mặt and mặc áo), and developing strategies to understand meaning when listening to diverse regional Vietnamese accents, for example, inferring meaning from the context of communication
  • understanding that spelling follows standardised rules even though there are variations in Vietnamese pronunciation across different regions of Vietnam
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Vietnamese language

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