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Listed under:  Society  >  Citizenship  >  Politics  >  Political systems  >  Oligarchy  >  Imperialism  >  Colonies
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Landmarks: people and places across Australia

This resource features the Landmarks gallery, which traces a broad history of Australia since British colonisation in the late 18th century. The exhibition explores ten big themes in the country's past through the stories of Australian places and the people who have lived there. It examines how people have engaged with ...

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Mrs Pexton's diary on board the convict transport Pilot, 1816

Mrs Pexton travelled on board the convict transport ship Pilot. As the captain's wife, her diary provides an insightful account of the seven-month journey from Ireland to Sydney and back to England from an unusual perspective. It includes substantial anecdotal accounts of life on the ship, aspects of the voyage and the ...

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'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game, 1850-69

This is a 'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game made in England between 1850 and 1869. The game board is a hand-coloured lithograph mounted on linen. There is a printed rule card, six painted ship pieces with stands and a cardboard teetotum, all of which would have been stored in a wooden case with an illustrated ...

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Shipwreck of the Dunbar at 'the Heads', 1857

The wreck of the clipper ship Dunbar off Sydney Heads in 1857 is regarded as the worst peacetime merchant shipping tragedy in NSW history. This letter was copied from a handwritten manuscript by James Graham, the signal master at South Head, Sydney, in 1857, and was printed in the Sydney Morning Herald on 22 August 1857, ...

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Teaspoon from the Dunbar shipwreck, 1850s

This silver-plated teaspoon is one of numerous items of cutlery recovered from the site of the Dunbar shipwreck (1857) near the entrance to Sydney Harbour. The loss of the vessel was one of Australia's worst maritime disasters and objects recovered from the wreck site give us a snapshot of the period. They also provide ...

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Prison hulk York, 1987

This model of the convict hulk York (England, 1807) reflects the harshness of the British penal system in the 18th century, especially the transportation of convicts to Australia. The model is cut away to reveal the daily activities of life on board and allows the viewer to better understand the unsanitary and cramped conditions ...

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Alexander Schramm, 'Adelaide, a tribe of natives on the banks of the River Torrens', 1850

This is a painting made in 1850 by Australian colonial artist Alexander Schramm depicting Kaurna people, sheltering under gum trees in Adelaide parkland. The painting is shown as an enlargeable image and in a video. Text onscreen gives information on Schramm’s life and practice as he is known for his sympathetic representation ...

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'Mrs Adolphus Sceales with Black Jimmie on Merrang Station', 1856

This is a painting made in 1856 by colonial Australian artist Robert Dowling (1827-86) depicting widow Jane Sceales on her vast property ‘Merrang’ in the Western District of Victoria. Produced as a mourning tribute to her husband, the painting is shown as an enlargeable image and in a video. Text onscreen gives information ...

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Julie Gough, 'Some Tasmanian Aboriginal children living with non-Aboriginal people before 1840', 2008

This is a sculpture by Trawlwoolway artist Julie Gough representing the experiences of Tasmanian Aboriginal children living with non-Aboriginal people. It was exhibited in the second National Indigenous Art Triennial,' unDisclosed', at the National Gallery of Australia (NGA). Further information about the artists and the ...

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Model of the Welcome Nugget, 1858-85

This is a plaster of Paris model of the Welcome Nugget, made between 1858 and 1885 by an unknown craftsman. It is painted gold and green and has a nobbly surface. The Welcome Nugget was found at Ballarat, Victoria, in 1858.

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'Hydraulic sluicing', 1884-1917

This full plate glass negative was taken by Charles Kerry and Co at some stage between 1884 and 1917. It depicts a wide shot of a hillside with a hut and what appears to be a sluiceway. The caption, studio number and studio mark are inscribed on the reverse of the negative.

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Gold nugget replica - 'Opposum'

This is a replica of the 'Opposum' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 27.3 cm x 19.2 cm x 8.0 cm, and it weighs 9.53 kg.

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Gold nugget replica - 'The Boort'

This is a replica of 'The Boort' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 10.5 cm x 9.5 cm x 6 cm, and it weighs 1.73 kg.

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Gold nugget replica - 'The Kum Tow'

This is a replica of 'The Kum Tow' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 36.5 cm x 13.5 cm x 13 cm, and it weighs 22.54 kg.

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Personal letter from W C Wentworth to his father, 1805

This personal letter was written by William Charles Wentworth from London on 14 July 1805 to his father, D'Arcy Wentworth, who was then a surgeon on Norfolk Island. It comprises cream-coloured textured paper with faded ink handwriting on both sides. It is addressed to 'Mr Wentworth, Norfolk Island, New South Wales' and ...

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Charlotte medal,  1788

This silver medal was engraved by Thomas Barrett, a convict on board the First Fleet transport vessel Charlotte, when the ship was anchored in Botany Bay in 1788. It is recognised as arguably the earliest example of Australian colonial art. One side of the medal depicts a fully rigged ship, sun on the horizon, moon and ...

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How soon they forget, c2001

This etching (ink on paper) was created by Roy Kennedy of the Wiradjuric language group around 2001. The work depicts the Police Paddock mission and Warangesda mission, near Griffith in NSW where Kennedy and his family lived. The work highlights the artist's own experience on a rural mission, and documents the life of many ...

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Parliamentary paper: summary of Chinese arriving in Victoria, 1885

This parliamentary paper documents information such as ship details, taxation and numbers of Chinese immigrants who arrived in the Colony of Victoria during 1885 and follows on from the earlier Chinese Immigration Act of 1885 (Victoria). The lure of economic prosperity had attracted large numbers of Chinese during the gold ...

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Sketch of Moreton Bay penal settlement, 1835 - item 1

This detailed pencil sketch, attributed to Henry Boucher Bowerman, depicts Moreton Bay (Brisbane) penal settlement from present-day Kangaroo Point. The panoramic landscape view takes in the Brisbane River in the foreground and existing government buildings necessary to a convict settlement, spread across the land behind. ...

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Sketch of Moreton Bay penal settlement, 1835 - item 2

This detailed pencil sketch, attributed to Henry Boucher Bowerman, depicts Moreton Bay (Brisbane) penal settlement from present-day South Brisbane. The panoramic landscape view takes in the river in the foreground and existing government buildings necessary to a convict settlement, spread across the land behind. The buildings, ...