History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The extension of settlement, including the effects of contact (intended and unintended) between European settlers in Australia and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACDSEH020)

Elaborations
  • explaining the effects of contact (for example, the massacres of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people; their killing of sheep; the spread of European diseases) and categorising these effects as either intended or unintended
  • investigating the forcible removal of children from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families in the late nineteenth century/early twentieth century (leading to the Stolen Generations), such as the motivations for the removal of children, the practices and laws that were in place, and experiences of separation.
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Aboriginal history,  Torres Strait Islander history,  Cultural interaction,  Invasion,  Colonies,  Human settlements

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Sharing stories: culture

This is a rich resource about the many intertwined aspects of Aboriginal cultures, including law, Country and Dreaming. It consists of an introduction, a teacher guide, three films made by Aboriginal students ('The Ngatji and paddle steamer', 'Bilwal medicine' and 'Thunderman') and two video interviews, one with Jarlmadangah ...

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Sharing stories: community

This is a rich resource about the importance of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' communities and identities. It consists of an introduction; a teacher guide; a film, 'My people, the Karajarri people', made by Wynston Shoveller about the Mowla Bluff massacre in the Kimberley region in 1916; and a video interview ...

Interactive Resource

Founders and survivors storylines: lifelines

This is a rich, multilayered resource about convicts transported to Van Diemen's Land. It is organised in 21 sections about male, female and/or child convicts, their families and descendants. Generally each section contains: a 'Songline' (a song about the convicts); a 'Landline' (maps of places in the peoples' stories); ...

Teacher resource

Citizenship: Let's talk recognition

This resource (an ‘education pack’) is a 28-page pdf about citizenship learning, how citizenship is shaped by social and cultural forces, and how it relates to Reconciliation between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Beginning with a historical summary and ...

Teacher resource

55 000 years and counting: celebrating our shared history

This resource is a sequenced series of teaching/learning activities about the Aboriginal history of Australia before British colonisation and the shared Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal history after colonisation. Intended for teachers, the 21-page pdf focuses mainly on South Australia, is introduced by background notes, and ...

Teacher resource

Indigenous Stories about War and Invasion

This is a website about Indigenous experiences of invasion and war during the British invasion, World War I and World War II. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are eight story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and ...

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Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

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Justifying revenge killings in the colony of NSW

This re-enactment depicts the first official punitive expedition in Australia against Aboriginal people, ordered by Governor Phillip. It was the beginning of a pattern of conflict that would be repeated across the continent. A punitive expedition is a military journey undertaken to punish a group of people for alleged crimes ...

Teacher resource

William Buckley

This is a website about William Buckley, an infamous convict that arrived in Victoria from England in 1803 and escaped European settlement. The resource presents: Buckley’s life after he escaped from settlement: details of the 32 years he spent with the Wathaurang people: and depicts his meeting with the colonising party, ...

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Governor Arthur Phillip's order to kill

How did Arthur Phillip, first governor of the colony of NSW - a man committed to peaceful and harmonious relations with Aboriginal Australians - come to authorise the first officially sanctioned killing of Aboriginal people? This clip re-enacts the fatal spearing in September 1790 of Gov. Phillip's gamekeeper John McIntyre, ...

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Twelve canoes: first white men

This is a multilayered resource about conflict between the Yolngu people of the Arafura Swamp region of north-east Arnhem Land and white pastoralists who attempted to set up cattle stations on Yolngu land between 1885 and 1908. Its centrepiece is a short film narrated by a Yolngu storyteller who describes a mass poisoning, ...

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Yarra Healing: Wurundjeri story

This is an article by Wurundjeri Elder Joy Murphy-Wandin about her great-great uncle William Barak, the renowned leader of the Aboriginal people at Coranderrk. It describes their family connection, where Barak was born, how he became Ngurangaeta of the Wurundjeri people and his fame as an artist. It emphasises firstly his ...

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Eora: mapping Aboriginal Sydney, 1770-1850

Why are artworks viewed as important sources of historical information? In this clip, you will see a range of artworks created about and by the Eora people, the original inhabitants of Port Jackson (site of today's Sydney Harbour). These artworks were part of a State Library of NSW exhibition in 2006, which was designed ...

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Lt William Dawes refuses to kill

Imagine how you would react if you were a soldier ordered to commit an atrocity. Would you obey your orders or, risking severe punishment, obey your conscience? In this re-enactment discover how three senior officers dealt with such an issue in 1790 when Governor Arthur Phillip ordered the killing of Aboriginal men as a ...

Teacher resource

Seeing the Land from an Indigenous Canoe

This is website about the significant contribution Aboriginal people made in colonial times by guiding European explorers and colonists, stock and goods across the Victorian river systems. The resource includes introductory information and 31 Story Objects in the format of videos, audio, images and text. Each object also ...

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'One hid under the bullock's hide', 1991

This is a painting by Kukatja/Wangkajunga artist Rover Thomas (Joolama) depicting the site of a 1910s massacre of Aboriginal people at Horseshoe Creek on Texas Downs Station in the east Kimberley of Western Australia. The painting is shown as an enlargeable image and in a video. Text onscreen gives information about Thomas's ...

Interactive Resource

Bound for South Australia 1836: Aboriginal inhabitants

This section of the website 'Bound for South Australia 1836' contains a brief account written by a 21st-century historian about the Aboriginal peoples connected to country that became part of the province of South Australia. The text describes the British government's efforts to protect the rights of the local people, their ...

Teacher resource

Figure in the Landscape

This is a resource about the artist John Glover and his Tasmanian paintings and sketches, many showing Aboriginal people within the landscape. It revolves around a video of Betty Churcher, the former director of the National Gallery of Australia discussing and illustrating Glover’s horror at the treatment of Tasmanian Aboriginal ...

Teacher resource

Augustus Earle and his Dog, Jemmy

This is a resource about the artist Augustus Earle and his paintings, most importantly his depictions of the significant Guringai man Bungaree. It revolves around a video of Betty Churcher, the former director of the National Gallery of Australia describing Earle’s misadventure on the way to India and his stay in Australia ...

Teacher resource

Burke and Wills: Then and Now

This is a website about a journey in 2010 that retraced the 1860 Burke and Wills expedition from Melbourne to the Gulf of Carpentaria. Topics include: the landscape, the route, the flora and fauna, Burke’s tree, aboriginal bush foods and various interviews with experts and involved individuals. The resource is presented ...