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Creatures of the deep

What creatures live in the deepest parts of the Southern Ocean around Antarctica? See how scientists use special equipment to find out about life that exists in this harsh environment. Find out why it is important that we learn about life in the deep oceans.

Moving Image

Memories of Antarctic expeditions (1954 and 1961)

Listen as scientist Dr Phillip Law recounts his experiences of expeditions to Antarctica. See historic footage of travelling through pack ice. The clip features the Kista Dan (1954 expedition) and the Magga Dan (1961 expedition). The Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) was established to set up scientific ...

Moving Image

Antarctica: changes in seasons

Watch historic footage of winter in the coldest continent on Earth as Dr Phillip Law describes how Antarctica changes with the seasons. See the force and effects of Antarctic blizzards. Watch the return of spring. The Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) was established to set up scientific research ...

Moving Image

New tools to explore the frozen frontier

Scientists are using drones and robots to help them understand more about Antarctic ice. See how the use of these technologies is not only safer but much faster and more efficient.

Interactive resource

The Circle: biology

Explore how Antarctic plants and animals are adapted to life in a polar environment. Look at species descriptions of animals such as penguins, whales and krill. Examine specific adaptations to the environment such as the dense feathers and layers of body fat of the emperor penguin. Compare feeding pathways within a food ...

Interactive resource

The Circle: the frozen laboratory

Explore how Antarctic plants and animals are adapted to life in a polar environment. Look at species descriptions of animals such as penguins, whales and krill. Examine specific adaptations such as the dense feathers and layers of body fat of the emperor penguin. Compare feeding pathways within a food web. Explore the geological ...

Interactive resource

The Circle: the journey

Trace a two-week journey from Hobart to Antarctica aboard an icebreaker. Look at daily weather summaries and diary entries. Read descriptions of storms, pack ice and 24-hour daylight. This learning object is one in a series of eight learning objects.

Interactive resource

The Circle: field training

Explore how people get around in Antarctica using transport such as helicopters, quad bikes and rubber-tracked vehicles. Look at rescue procedures and safety hazards such as crevasses. Choose equipment to pack for a field trip. This learning object is one in a series of eight learning objects.

Interactive resource

The Circle: ornithologist

Look at the structure and function of emperor penguins and Adelie penguins. Find out about breeding cycles and behaviour such as 'huddling' within a penguin colony. Explore how biologists study penguins in Antarctica. Examine a remote field station and data logging methods. This learning object is one in a series of eight ...

Interactive resource

The Circle: doctor

Look at medical support in Antarctica. Explore how medical emergencies arise and are handled. Consider the importance of telecommunications in isolated areas. Examine the treatment and prevention of frostbite. This learning object is one in a series of eight learning objects.

Image

South celestial pole and the Anglo-Australian Telescope

This is an unguided south-facing long-exposure colour photograph of star trails at night, taken from the site of the Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT). A background of uninterrupted narrow concentric arcs of light of unequal length and brightness proclaim an imaginary centre above the local horizon. Most trails appear white, ...

Collection

Exploration of Antarctica: the 'heroic era'

This collection of 18 digital curriculum resources focuses on expeditions to Antarctica in the early years of the 20th century. It is organised into five categories: Nordenskjöld's expedition, 1902; Shackleton's expeditions; Amundsen's expedition, 1911; Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911-14; and Mawson's ...

Image

Sled dogs at the South Pole, 1911

This is a 1911 black-and-white sepia-toned photograph, taken by Roald Amundsen (1872-1928) at the South Pole, of a dog team hitched to a loaded sled on the snow. A figure dressed in Arctic-style cold weather gear stands beside the sled and a Norwegian flag is stuck in the snow. Apart from three other dogs tethered behind ...

Image

Successful explorers at the South Pole, 1911

This is a mounted sepia photograph, measuring 7.6 cm x 12.6 cm, taken by Olar Bjaaland (1873-1961) at the South Pole on 14 December 1911. It shows his four companions paying tribute to the Norwegian flag flying from their tent. Written across the mount below the photograph is the caption, 'The successful explorers at the ...

Image

Cablegram from Ernest Shackleton, 1909

This is a cablegram from the Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton to the Australian federal politician Alfred Deakin. It was sent on 26 March 1909 from Christchurch, New Zealand, to Melbourne, Australia. It reads: 'I beg to inform you that usefel [sic] scientific work has been done during the expedition's stay in the Antarctic. ...

Image

Shackleton expedition at Lyttelton Harbour, 1914

This is a black-and-white photograph showing the sailing ship 'Endurance' being loaded with ponies and sled dogs at Lyttelton (east coast of the South Island of New Zealand) for Ernest Shackleton's expedition to Antarctica. A crowd of people is aboard the ship, watching proceedings, and there are groups of people in the ...

Video

Home of the Blizzard, 1913: Setting up camp

This silent black-and-white clip shows Sir Douglas Mawson, Lieutenant Belgrave Ninnis and Dr Xavier Mertz struggling to set up their tent in the icy conditions and strong winds of Antarctica. In one shot dog teams are visible in the background. After the tent is secured, the men climb into their reindeer sleeping bags for ...

Image

Eco-regions: Antarctic

This is a comprehensive resource about the Antarctic and the species that inhabit the region. It contains eight major sections: Description, Range, Biodiversity, Threats, Conservation, Find out more, Glossary and References. They can be viewed separately or all at once. Links from the images on the right-hand side of the ...

Teacher resource

GeogSpace: year 2 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and two illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The focus is on a student's understanding of the earth, as represented by a world map and a globe. Illustration 1 is a set of activities using a globe of the world as a model of the earth. Illustration ...

Teacher resource

Using social media

Here a teacher uses social media platforms as a means of engaging students in a year 7 geography unit about Antarctica. The teacher asks students to create a social media profile for a fictional character, who lives and works in Antarctica. She employs an interactive whiteboard to introduce the lesson and to show stimulus ...