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Listed under:  History  >  Heritage  >  Archaeology  >  Archaeological dating
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Meteorites

This is an information sheet about meteorites, covering their sources, composition, classification, systems of naming and Australian laws governing their ownership.

Teacher resource

Archaeology: dating the past

This is an informative resource from the Portal to the past website about how archaeological finds are dated. It explains why archaeological evidence needs to be organised in a dated sequence. It identifies three dating techniques that archaeologists use: historical dating; typological dating; and scientific dating, including ...

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New tools to explore the frozen frontier

Scientists are using drones and robots to help them understand more about Antarctic ice. See how the use of these technologies is not only safer but much faster and more efficient.

Collection

Constructing the Snowy Mountains Scheme

This collection of 24 digital curriculum resources focuses on the work of building the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. It is organised into seven categories: preparing the sites; bringing up supplies; drilling the tunnels; constructing the dams; building the power stations; constructing pressure shafts; and creating ...

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Mouth of the Guthega Dam tunnel, 1954

This is a photograph of the mouth of the underground tunnel from Guthega Dam to Munyang power station in New South Wales, which was part of the Australian Snowy Mountains Scheme. The photograph was taken by the Australian News and Information Bureau in 1954.

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Mechanical miner in Snowy Mountains Scheme

This is a photograph taken in 1956. A handwritten note on the back of the photograph reads: 'This photograph shows a jumbo mechanical miner burrowing through a mountain on the Snowy Mountains Scheme. A cherry picker in the rear lifts empty skips out of the way while it passes out a full skip on the tramway, replacing the ...

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Snowy Mountains Scheme relief map

This is a photograph of a hand-drawn relief map for the proposed Snowy Mountains Scheme from around 1945, showing the dams, tunnels, power stations and canals that would make up the Scheme. A typewritten note attached to the back of the photograph reads 'This photograph is of a relief map of the Snowy Mountains area showing ...

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Construction of the Eucumbene diversion tunnel, c1954

This is a black-and-white photograph that shows the initial construction of the tunnel built to divert the Eucumbene River as part of the Snowy Mountains Scheme. The photograph shows men at work in the tunnel and at its entrance, a stationary truck and an excavator clearing rock spoil. On the right of the photograph, observing ...

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Snowy Mountains Scheme tunnel, 1955

This is a black-and-white photograph of workers concreting the Eucumbene diversion tunnel for the Snowy Mountains Scheme in 1955. The photograph has been taken inside the tunnel, and shows a truck discharging concrete onto one of two conveyor belts via a hopper. A worker stands at the end of each belt; one of the workers ...

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Drilling on the 'Snowy', 1956

This is a black-and-white photograph from 1956 showing drillers fitting a drill during construction of the tunnels for the Snowy Mountains Scheme. The photograph shows two drillers wearing hard hats, gloves and waterproof gear and working in a confined space at the front section of the drill. One worker is holding the long ...

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Canberra’s main sewerage tunnel, 1927

This is a black-and-white photograph of men constructing Canberra's main outfall sewerage tunnel at Weston Creek in the Australian Capital Territory. Three workmen and their tools are in a tunnel that is shored up with timber beams. A well-dressed man, who may be an official, is also present in the damp tunnel.

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Eucumbene diversion tunnel, 1955

This is a black-and-white photograph showing the construction of the Eucumbene diversion tunnel in the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme in 1955. Men are working on a wooden platform inside the tunnel. Wooden formwork holds concrete in place against the rock walls.

Video

Snowy Hydro - Where Men and Mountains Meet, 1963: Cherry picker rotating muck train trucks

This clip shows tunnel excavation during construction of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. It shows how rock spoil blasted from the tunnel face is loaded onto rail trucks by a mechanised loader and how the trucks are shunted into place with the help of a cherry picker. Surveyors then mark out drill holes on the ...

Video

Snowy Hydro - Sound and Safe, 1963: Safe drilling

This clip shows the safe drilling practices of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme in 1963. Workers known as scalers, with the help of a mechanical mucker, loosen rock spoil from a tunnel roof and sides after blasting. The clip shows the drilling jumbo, a three-tiered platform used in tunnelling work on the Scheme. ...

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Vietcong underground bunker-and-tunnel system, 1969

This colour photograph shows a member of the 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (9RAR) squatting in a small jungle clearing, pointing the barrel of his rifle into the darkness of an enemy underground bunker in South Vietnam. The soil around the bunker is slightly raised and compressed, and to the left several logs ...

Teacher resource

NASA's real world: what causes global climate change?

This is a resource for educators detailing sequential learning activities that explore global climate change. It considers the influence of human activities on climate change and the patterns and trends in climate change that can be inferred by studying ice-core samples. The initial activity explores student attitudes towards, ...

Teacher resource

NASA launchpad: colours of ice

This resource for educators introduces students to the topics of polarised light and birefringence. Students learn how polarisers alter light waves to produce birefringence, a process in which light moving in different directions, or polarisations, travels at different speeds within a material. They document results from ...

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Inca trails

This 10 minute video segment from Catalyst how a group of Australian archaeologists have studied evidence of a network of roads and associated ruins that were once part of the Inca civilisation.

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World's Oldest Mummies

This 13 minute video describes how science supports archaeology. Dr Paul Willis follows a group of Australian volunteer archaeologists as they unravel the complex archaeology of the Atacama Desert in Chile and find mummies that were made thousands of years before the Egyptian civilisation started. How scientific ideas and ...