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Listed under:  History  >  Heritage  >  Archaeology
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Glass bottle, c1880

This is a green glass bottle that was excavated at Casselden Place, Melbourne, in 2003. It measures 29.8 cm x 9.5 cm and was in use in about 1880.

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Toy teacup, c1880-1900

This is a glazed ceramic toy teacup. It measures 30 mm (length) x 30 mm (width) x 28 mm (height). It was excavated in 1988 in part of a district known as 'Little Lon', Melbourne. It would have been in use in about 1880-1900.

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Gunflint, c1880

This is a stone gunflint, a piece of stone used inside a flintlock firearm to ignite the gunpowder. The gunflint was uncovered in an archaeological dig of the area known as 'Little Lon', Melbourne, in 2003. It does not appear to have been used.

Teacher resource

Archaeology: dating the past

This is an informative resource from the Portal to the past website about how archaeological finds are dated. It explains why archaeological evidence needs to be organised in a dated sequence. It identifies three dating techniques that archaeologists use: historical dating; typological dating; and scientific dating, including ...

Video

Frozen Charlotte doll excavated in Little Lonsdale St, Melbourne

This video features curator Charlotte Smith talking about a tiny Frozen Charlotte doll in Museum Victoria's collection, as well as about the area in which it was found, the 'Little Lon' area in the city of Melbourne. We are shown the exteriors and interiors of two recreated Little Lon cottages, the ceramic doll and an historical ...

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Shipwreck of the Dunbar at 'the Heads', 1857

The wreck of the clipper ship Dunbar off Sydney Heads in 1857 is regarded as the worst peacetime merchant shipping tragedy in NSW history. This letter was copied from a handwritten manuscript by James Graham, the signal master at South Head, Sydney, in 1857, and was printed in the Sydney Morning Herald on 22 August 1857, ...

Teacher resource

Archaeological evidence: what is preserved?

This is a richly illustrated resource from the Portal to the past website about the nature of archaeological evidence. It focuses on those elements of the human past that are likely to be preserved and why. It explains the formation processes of archaeological evidence and the ways in which finds can be interpreted, using ...

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Egyptian worker ushabtis, 945-715 BCE

This is a worker ushabtis, made at some stage between 945 and 715 BCE. The male mummiform figure is made of Egyptian faience with a blue glaze finish. The figure is shown wearing a headdress and 'seshed' headband knotted at the back. The body is wrapped in bandages with only the head and arms visible, crossed left over ...

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Egyptian overseer ushabtis, 1070-712 BCE

This is an overseer ushabtis, made in Egypt sometime between 1070 and 712 BCE. The male mummiform figure is made of Egyptian faience with an exterior pale turquoise-blue glaze. The figure is shown wearing a short headdress and black painted 'seshed' headband knotted at the back. A vertical column of hieroglyphs are handpainted ...

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Meteorites

This is an information sheet about meteorites, covering their sources, composition, classification, systems of naming and Australian laws governing their ownership.

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Cessation of transportation medal, 1853

This bronze medal was made in Britain in 1853 to commemorate both the cessation of transportation to Tasmania and the jubilee of the founding of the Colony of Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land). It was excavated at Casselden Place, Melbourne, in 2003, and is now part of the Little Lonsdale Street archaeological collection at ...

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Gold pendant set with a semi-precious stone, c1880

This gold pendant was excavated at Casselden Place, Melbourne, in 2003. It has a floral design and is set with a semi-precious stone. It is now part of the Little Lonsdale Street archaeological collection at Museum Victoria.

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Clay pipe, c1880

This is a clay pipe in the shape of a man's head. It was excavated at Casselden Place in 2003, part of a district known as 'Little Lon'. This object is part of the Little Lonsdale Street archaeological collection at Museum Victoria.

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Scent bottle, c1880

This small, ornate, green glass scent bottle was excavated at Casselden Place, Melbourne, in 2003. It measures 98 mm x 60 mm, with a diameter of 57 mm, and was in use in about 1880.

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Goat or sheep knucklebones used as children's toys, c1880

This is a set of eight astragali, or anklebones, from the hindquarters of goats or sheep. They date from about 1880 and may have been used by children to play knucklebones or 'jacks'. They were excavated at Casselden Place, Melbourne, in 2003.

Video

Indigenous Yarra bark canoe, c1850

This video features curator Richard Gillespie talking about the Yarra bark canoe in Museum Victoria's collection. The canoe was made in about 1850. The curator also discusses how this unique item made its way into the Museum. Still images are included in the video, and its duration is 3 min 12 sec.

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Prehistoric Life (website)

This is a website that provides an illustrated overview of some key topics relating to fossils. The website was developed by Museum Victoria in response to frequently asked questions and public interest in the Museum's palaeontology collections and research.

Teacher resource

Archaeology: its nature and aims

This is a unit about modern archaeology. Richly illustrated with recent photographs and written by archaeologists, it explains what material evidence is preserved from the past; why the context of finds is so important; how finds are discovered and recorded; how excavation is carried out; how the past is dated; and how ...

Teacher resource

The beginnings of dynastic Egypt

This is a fascinating unit about the unification of ancient Egypt. Richly illustrated with photographs and drawings, the four major sections of the unit put forward a point of view about the origins of the early dynastic period. They present an overview of the supporting archaeological evidence, focusing on the importance ...

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Ancient Egypt: secrets of the sands

Imagine descending into the depths of a tomb that was built thousands of years ago by the people of one the world's oldest and most fascinating civilisations. Join Jennifer Byrne as she visits ancient sites on Egypt's Giza Plateau to discover how and why the history of ancient Egypt is being constantly rewritten.