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Listed under:  Science  >  Forces and energy  >  Energy resources  >  Fossil fuels  >  Coal
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Underground coal gasification

How are scientists using technology to get energy out of coal without having to dig it up? Find out how underground coal gasification (UCG) burns and converts the coal to gas underground. Visit UCG trial sites in Queensland and hear how UCG avoids some of the environmental effects of traditional coal mining, but may have ...

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Coal Gas

This 12 minute video segment from Catalyst outlines how for decades, scientists have worked to develop technologies that can unlock the energy from coal while reducing the risks of digging it up and burning it. Now entirely new industries are booming as they tap into coal seams either too gassy or too deep to be mined by ...

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May O'Brien talks about Aboriginal storytelling, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of an interview with Western Australian Aboriginal educator and author May O'Brien. O'Brien says that in her early life she was told Aboriginal stories orally and in drawings in the sand. She says that when she puts Aboriginal stories in writing, she thinks carefully about the words she ...

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May O'Brien recalls the traditional bush lifestyle of her childhood, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of an interview with Western Australian Aboriginal educator and author May O'Brien. She recalls the traditional bush lifestyle of her childhood in the eastern goldfields region of WA. She describes living in comfortable humpies made from bush materials and how she was taught traditional ...

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May O'Brien recalls school at the Mount Margaret Mission, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of an interview with Western Australian Aboriginal educator and author May O'Brien. She gives an account of the police practice of removing Aboriginal children from their families in line with government policies of the time. She recalls being fearful as a child of being removed and taken ...

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May O'Brien reflects on becoming an activist, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of an interview with Western Australian Aboriginal educator and author May O'Brien. She recalls beginning secondary school in Perth in 1949 when she was aged 17, and how she went on to become a teacher. She also relates how she campaigned to improve education for all Indigenous children ...

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Australia's mineral wealth, 1934 - asset 15

This is an excerpt from a black-and-white film titled 'Mineral wealth', produced by Australian Government Film Products in 1934 to highlight Australia's mineral wealth. The commentary is backed by light organ music. The excerpt depicts the harvesting and processing of brown coal at Yallourn in Victoria's Latrobe Valley. ...

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Australia's mineral wealth, 1934 - asset 16

This is an excerpt from a black-and-white film titled 'Mineral wealth', produced by Australian Government Film Products in 1934 to highlight Australia's mineral wealth. The commentary is backed by light organ music. The excerpt shows black coal being hauled up from a mine in Newcastle in New South Wales. The coal is loaded ...

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Australia's mineral wealth, 1934 - asset 17

This is an excerpt from a black-and-white film titled 'Mineral wealth', produced by Australian Government Film Products in 1934 to highlight Australia's mineral wealth. The commentary is backed by light organ music. The excerpt shows aspects of Newcastle's iron and steel industry. The first scene shows the Broken Hill Proprietary ...

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How do we mine coal?: open-cut processes

Find out how coal is mined by the open-cut process. Watch a short video describing the steps involved, from the loosening of the soil and rock above the coal by blasting with explosives, to the transportation of the uncovered coal to the coal preparation plant.

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How is coal formed?

Find out how coal is formed. Watch an animation that explains how, during the geologic period called the Permian, plant material accumulated in water and was buried by sediments where heat and pressure transformed it from the spongy substance known as peat to the hard carbon material known as coal.

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How do we mine coal?: underground processes

Find out how coal is mined underground. Watch a short video that describes a form of underground mining called longwall mining, used to extract coal that is too deep for open-cut mining. A combination of filmed and animated footage shows how two long, parallel tunnels are cut by a continuous miner. These are linked by a ...

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All about coal

Explore how coal is formed, mined, processed and used. View diagrams illustrating the formation of coal from early plant material to the hardest black coal. View statistics relating to the Queensland coal mining industry including the volumes of coal mined and exported.

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Integrated gasification combined cycle

Find out how emissions from coal-burning can be reduced by turning the coal into syngas. This is a fact sheet describing methods of coal gasification, and how the resulting syngas can drive a combined cycle power generator. It lists the advantages of the technology, including lower emissions and increased efficiency, as ...

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Coal crossword

Test your knowledge of coal. This is a crossword puzzle with clues related to the formation, mining and uses of coal.

Interactive Resource

Coal-fired energy plant

Build a coal-fired energy plant by moving images into the correct position. This is an interactive diagram showing how a power station works. Students arrange components in the correct order, then select captions to match.

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How do we use coal?

Find out how many things in your life depend on coal. This short video details some of the common uses of coal, such as in the production of cosmetics, plastics and steel as well as in power stations to generate electricity.

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Oxyfuel combustion

This fact sheet describes oxyfuel combustion, the technology that burns fuel in almost pure oxygen. Because this makes it easier to capture carbon dioxide from flue gas, there is the potential to achieve near-zero carbon dioxide emissions from the production of coal-fired electricity. A diagram illustrating this process ...

Teacher resource

Low-emission energy technologies: an introduction

This is a teaching unit, designed for year 10, aimed at engaging students in investigations about low-emission energy sources. A unit outline, teacher guidelines, student activity and an assessment task are provided.

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Low-emission energy future

Find out about the technologies that can reduce our greenhouse-gas emissions. This resource consists of an animated video accompanied by an interactive landscape activity. The video focuses on technologies that can reduce carbon-dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels, as well as renewable energy and improved ...