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Listed under:  Science  >  Earth and space  >  Atmosphere  >  Climate  >  Droughts

Model of the Welcome Nugget, 1858-85

This is a plaster of Paris model of the Welcome Nugget, made between 1858 and 1885 by an unknown craftsman. It is painted gold and green and has a nobbly surface. The Welcome Nugget was found at Ballarat, Victoria, in 1858.


Australian 'goldfields' brooch commissioned by Edward Austin, c1855

This is a rectangular rusticated wire framework brooch that features miniature copies of mining equipment. In the centre, a miner works a windlass and bucket above a sluice box. On either side is a crossed pick and shovel. The whole brooch is surrounded by a framework of leaves. It was made in about 1855.


Gold nugget replica - 'Opposum'

This is a replica of the 'Opposum' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 27.3 cm x 19.2 cm x 8.0 cm, and it weighs 9.53 kg.


James and Peter Clough playing with water, Brighton East, 1976

This colour photograph features James and Peter Clough playing with water in their backyard at Brighton East, 1976. One brother is sitting in a tub of water while the other is carrying a hose.


'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game, 1850-69

This is a 'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game made in England between 1850 and 1869. The game board is a hand-coloured lithograph mounted on linen. There is a printed rule card, six painted ship pieces with stands and a cardboard teetotum, all of which would have been stored in a wooden case with an illustrated ...


Alluvial mining model - Daisy Hill, 'Shallow Sinkings', Carl Nordstrom, 1858

This is an image showing a detail of the mining model originally entitled 'Shallow Sinkings', made by Carl Nordstrom between 1858 and 1859. It depicts a scene of shallow alluvial mining activities on the Daisy Hill goldfields (near Maryborough, Victoria). The model was built to scale of 1:32, and it is 106 cm long, 76 cm ...


Alluvial mining model - 'Gravel Pits' alluvial gold claim, cross-section, 1857

This is a mining model, made by Carl Nordstrom in 1857, showing a cross-section of an alluvial gold claim on the Gravel Pits Lead, Ballarat, Victoria.

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Protecting exposed lake beds during drought

Visit the Lower Lakes near the mouth of the Murray River in 2009. Step onto the dried-out lake floor and watch what the wind does to the sand. How can planting rye grass help to stop erosion and to control a toxic environment in the mud beneath the sand? Find out in this clip.


Gold nugget replica - 'The Boort'

This is a replica of 'The Boort' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 10.5 cm x 9.5 cm x 6 cm, and it weighs 1.73 kg.


'Hydraulic sluicing', 1884-1917

This full plate glass negative was taken by Charles Kerry and Co at some stage between 1884 and 1917. It depicts a wide shot of a hillside with a hut and what appears to be a sluiceway. The caption, studio number and studio mark are inscribed on the reverse of the negative.

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Drought: graziers turn to droving

Queensland cattle country encounters extremes of climate:extensive floods and prolonged drought. With his station in the grip of drought and in a bid to save his herd from starvation, one grazier has resorted to a more traditional approach. Watch as he prepares to drove his herd along a stock route in search of greener pastures.


Gold nugget replica - 'The Kum Tow'

This is a replica of 'The Kum Tow' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 36.5 cm x 13.5 cm x 13 cm, and it weighs 22.54 kg.

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How might water shortages in the Basin affect you?

The Murray-Darling Basin is Australia's largest river system and it's an important source of water for many Australian communities and farmers. In this clip from mid-2013, Discover more about the Basin, how it connects people and places, and the impact that drought and people's use has on this natural resource.

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Leaky weirs hydrate a thirsty landscape

Peter Andrews is a natural engineer. His 'leaky weirs' are helping to keep farm soils hydrated, even in extended periods of drought. Peter appears to be working in concert with nature, so why are his ideas so revolutionary?


Quartz mine and treatment works model - Port Phillip and Colonial Gold Mining Co, Clunes, 1858

This is an overall view of the mining model made by Carl Nordstrom depicting the Clunes and Port Phillip quartz mine and treatment works at Clunes, in central Victroria, as they appeared in December 1858. The model is 305 cm long, 165 cm wide and 185 cm high.


'Easy ways to be a water saver' brochure, 2003

This is a brochure promoting water conservation, published by the Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment in October 2003. The blue-and-white cover includes the title - 'Easy ways to be a water saver', a background design showing water rippling, and the Victorian Government's 'Our water our future' logo. ...


Goldmining licence, 1853

This is a gold licence issued to J McDonnell in March 1853. It was printed on paper by John Ferres, Government Printing Office, Victoria, Australia. At centre top is the Victorian coat of arms with the inscription: 'VICTORIA / GOLD LICENSE.' The name of the licence owner and place and date of its issue are written in ink ...


'Ophir Bluff, where gold was first found in Australia', c1884-1917

This is a black-and-white photograph from a silver gelatin full-plate glass negative produced by the studio of Charles Kerry and Co, Sydney. It shows a river scene. In the background are people, a horsedrawn cart and two crude buildings. At the right, an area has been roughly fenced off. The image is titled 'Ophir Bluff, ...

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Effects of dry weather

What do you feel like when the weather is hot and dry? Discover what happens to the land during dry weather. Look at how the landscape changes at different times of the year.


'Working together to save water' booklet, 2003

This illustrated 18-page booklet promotes water conservation. It was published in October 2003 by the Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment. On the blue-and-white cover, the title of the booklet, 'Working together to save water', is set against a background design of water rippling. At the bottom right ...