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Listed under:  Mathematics  >  Number (Mathematics)  >  Number operations  >  Multiplication  >  Factors
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What are factors?

What are factors? Watch as the jelly babies in this clip show you! What are the factors of 12? How many factors does the number 11 have? Try explaining to a friend what a prime number is.

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BBC Bitesize: linear sequences - revision

These illustrated information sheets revise the definition of a sequence and the nth term. The method of finding the rule for the nth term is extended to more complicated sequences. Highest common factors and lowest common multiples of pairs of numbers are found. This resource is one of a series of online resources from ...

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Prime number keys

Have you ever wondered how modern day encryption works? How are messages and financial transactions kept hidden from cyber criminals and hackers? Listen to reporter Ruben Meerman and mathematician Simon Pampena discuss the largest prime number ever found and how prime numbers are used to encrypt electronic information.

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Prime numbers and unbreakable codes

Imagine if anyone was able to read all our secret, encrypted messages and information. Watch and find out how scientists at the Australian National University are developing a new encryption system using quantum physics and quantum computing.

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The beauty of prime numbers

A prime number is a number that only has two factors: one and itself. Listen to Adam Spencer and Richard Glover discussing prime numbers. They cover how we define these numbers and how and why prime numbers are widely used in internet encryption.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Circus towers: square stacks

Work out how many acrobats are needed to form square-shaped human towers. Start by building a square tower with four acrobats: two acrobats in the base layer and two acrobats standing on their shoulders. Examine a table and graph of the total number of acrobats in the towers. Predict the number of acrobats needed to build ...

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 19: Number and Algebra: multiples, factors and powers - teacher guide

This is a 33-page guide for teachers. It introduces the concepts of primes, composites, prime factorisation, factors, multiples, odd and even numbers, the least common multiple and the highest common factor.

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Patterns, primes and Pascal's Triangle

Are you intrigued by patterns? Check out Vi Hart as she explains how to visualise patterns in prime numbers, using Ulam's Spiral. Watch as Vi creates patterns, using Pascal's Triangle to explore relationships in number. See what happens when she circles the odd numbers. What rule does she use to create the final pattern?

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What are factors and multiples?

Some mathematical problems involve finding the highest common factor. For others you might need to find the lowest common multiple. Here are some examples that show you how to work these out. You'll also see the difference between factors and multiples.

Teacher resource

Fascinating prime numbers

Use this teaching resource to investigate prime numbers with your students. Go back in time to the ancient Greeks (around 300 BC) to find out how Euclid demonstrated that there is an infinite number of primes. Investigate ways to identify prime numbers using algebra and square numbers and how to represent large primes using ...

Teacher resource

reSolve: Prime factorisation

This sequence of four lessons explores prime factorisation. Students solve a puzzle using factor strings, play a dice game to learn about prime numbers, develop a method for finding all of the factors of a number, and engage in an investigation of highest common factors and lowest common multiples of two numbers, and how ...

Teacher resource

Prime, composite and square numbers

These resources and tasks focus on prime and composite numbers and can be used to support an inquiry into prime numbers and factors.

Interactive resource

The multiplier: make your own hard multiplications

Solve multiplications such as 84x93. Use a partitioning tool to help solve your own multiplications. Learn strategies to do complex arithmetic in your head. Split a sum into parts that are easy to work with, use simple times tables, then solve the original calculation. This learning object is one in a series of five objects.

Interactive resource

The multiplier: generate easy multiplications

Solve multiplications such as 9x88. Use a partitioning tool to help solve randomly generated multiplications. Learn strategies to do complex arithmetic in your head. Split a multiplication into parts that are easy to work with, use simple times tables, then solve the original calculation. This learning object is one in ...

Interactive resource

The multiplier: generate hard multiplications

Solve multiplications such as 67x88. Use a partitioning tool to help solve randomly generated multiplications. Learn strategies to do complex arithmetic in your head. Split a multiplication into parts that are easy to work with, use simple times tables, then solve the original calculation. This learning object is one in ...

Interactive resource

The multiplier: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving complex multiplications in your head such as 22x38. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use partitioning techniques. Solve multiplications by breaking them up into parts that are easy to work with, use ...

Assessment resource

Biscuit factory: two gears: assessment

Test your understanding of ratios by choosing two gears of different sizes according to specific criteria. Complete a pair of gears, or choose the combination of two gears, depending on how many rotations each gear must make. For example, choose a belt gear size of 10 teeth and a driver of 40 teeth to make the belt gear ...

Assessment resource

Biscuit factory: three gears: assessment

Test your understanding of ratios by interpreting three-wheel gear systems where the wheels have different numbers of teeth. For example, how many rotations does a 10-tooth gear wheel make when driven by two driver wheels having 20 and 10 teeth? Also, choose a combination of three gear wheels to achieve a required number ...

Assessment resource

Pobble arrays: find factors: assessment

Test your understanding of arrays by arranging pobbles into equal columns and rows. Look at the given number of pobbles and enter the number of gates and rows. For example, decide how many equal rows of pobbles are needed to fit 24 of them through four gates. The object starts with a practice task, which provides text and ...

Assessment resource

Pobble arrays: make multiples: assessment

Test your understanding of arrays by arranging pobbles into equal columns and rows. For example, start with 19 pobbles. Decide whether the number can be divided into an equal number of rows. If not, add or subtract pobbles to make a number that will work. The object starts with a practice task, which provides text and animation ...