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Listed under:  Technologies  >  Engineering  >  Hydraulics

Dethridge wheel irrigation water meter, 1910

This is a well-used steel Dethridge wheel irrigation water meter manufactured in Griffith, New South Wales, in 1910. The wheel consists of a drum around an axle, with four spokes originating from each end of the axle. Eight V-shaped vanes are fixed to the outside of the drum. Some of them are bent on the edges as a result ...


Pipe dreams, 2007: O'Connor's dream for water

This clip is an excerpt from the 2007 film 'Pipe dreams' (55 min), the second episode of a three-part series entitled 'Constructing Australia'. Over black-and-white photographs and dramatised video of the key players, a narrator describes the significant challenges of supplying water to the WA goldfields in the late 19th ...


Lake Hume, 1957

This is a black-and-white photograph, taken in 1957, showing part of Lake Hume, on the border between New South Wales and Victoria. The precise location is unidentified, but it could be the north-east 'Murray Arm', seen from the Victorian side. There are many dead trees in the water, the majority of which are probably river ...


Water gushing into an irrigation channel, c1920

This is a black-and-white photograph of a valve being opened to allow water to flow from the Murray River into a channel in about 1920. The man opening the valve is possibly Sam McIntosh, then head of the Irrigation Commission, and the channel into which the water flows is possibly the '70 foot' channel on Vaughan Terrace ...


'Faces of Australia', 1968 - part 14 of 34

This is a clip showing part of the construction of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme in New South Wales. It is taken from 'Faces of Australia', a 1968 colour film with commentary. The camera pans as two workmen walk past a row of large sections of concrete piping. A long shot then shows the site of the Jindabyne ...


Flow meter, c1923

This is a Type A 'Orivent' Meter Recorder at the No 4 pumping well at Spotswood Pumping Station. The meter features a chart recorder to record fluctuations in water pressure, and the rate of flow was indicated on six small dial gauges. The instrument is enclosed in a glass case.


'Water efficient shrubs' brochure, City West Water, 1996

This is a three-fold brochure published by City West Water and the Nursery Industry Association of Victoria in 1996. It formed part of a community education program to 'help gardeners reduce their water consumption'. The brochure focuses on information people need to know if they are to grow and maintain garden shrubs in ...

Moving Image

Growing up in the Ord River Valley

Katie Innes takes us on a trip back in time to where she grew up. She shows us a series of photographs from the Ord River Valley near Kununurra, in Western Australia. Over the years people have made major changes to the environment in this place. Katie wonders whether all of their efforts will prove worthwhile in the long run. 


Rice growing in Australia

This is an excerpt from a 1927 silent documentary entitled 'Rice growing in Australia'. It begins with two long intertitles: 'Up to 1925, Australia produced very little rice. The bulk of her yearly requirements, totalling nearly 23,000 tons, was imported', followed by 'Experiments carried out in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation ...


US and Australian engineers on the 'Snowy', 1952

This is a black-and-white photograph taken in 1952 that shows US and Australian engineers at work on the Snowy Mountains Scheme. In the photograph a group of nine engineers is examining cores (rock samples) from Happy Valley in the upper Tumut area in New South Wales.


US experts assist Snowy Mountains Scheme, 1952

This is a black-and-white photograph taken in 1952 that shows three men in work clothes consulting a bound set of papers. In her book 'Voices from the Snowy', Margaret Unger identifies the three men as US diamond drillers D Hallam, L Sincus and G Hallam, shown here at work on the Snowy Mountains Scheme.


Diagram of the Snowy Mountains Scheme

This is a schematic cross-section diagram, drawn in 1953, of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. It shows the two main sections of the Scheme: the Tumut and the Snowy-Murray Developments. The diagram outlines the two transmountain tunnel systems that divert water from the Snowy River and its tributary, the Eucumbene ...


Construction of the Eucumbene diversion tunnel, c1954

This is a black-and-white photograph that shows the initial construction of the tunnel built to divert the Eucumbene River as part of the Snowy Mountains Scheme. The photograph shows men at work in the tunnel and at its entrance, a stationary truck and an excavator clearing rock spoil. On the right of the photograph, observing ...


Snowy Mountains Scheme tunnel, 1955

This is a black-and-white photograph of workers concreting the Eucumbene diversion tunnel for the Snowy Mountains Scheme in 1955. The photograph has been taken inside the tunnel, and shows a truck discharging concrete onto one of two conveyor belts via a hopper. A worker stands at the end of each belt; one of the workers ...


Drilling on the 'Snowy', 1956

This is a black-and-white photograph from 1956 showing drillers fitting a drill during construction of the tunnels for the Snowy Mountains Scheme. The photograph shows two drillers wearing hard hats, gloves and waterproof gear and working in a confined space at the front section of the drill. One worker is holding the long ...


Distilling eucalyptus oil in 1929

This is an excerpt from a silent black-and-white documentary entitled 'The Eucalyptus Industry', which dates from 1929. It shows two men stamping eucalyptus leaves into a distillery vat. A wooden lid is then lowered onto the top by a pulley system and the vat is sealed securely. This scene is followed by an intertitle that ...


Digging a tank, 1884-1917

This is a black-and-white photograph from a silver gelatin dry-plate glass negative produced by the studio of Charles Kerry and Co, Sydney, showing a team of ten harnessed horses and two men sinking a tank (a type of dam) on a property in New South Wales, probably in 1895. One man is behind the horses guiding a raking or ...


Program for opening of Hills Water Scheme for Perth and Fremantle, 1925

This is a program commemorating the official opening of the first section of the Hills Water Scheme for Perth and Fremantle, Western Australia, in December 1925. The four-page black-and-white brochure is 12.5 cm x 20 cm.


North Yanco House, Yanco, 1900-17

This is a black-and-white photograph from a silver gelatin dry-plate glass negative, produced by the studio of Charles Kerry and Co, Sydney. It shows a two-storey brick-and-sandstone homestead in Yanco, New South Wales, owned by Sir Samuel McCaughey (1832-1919). Features of the house include hipped roofs, arcaded porches ...


The Forerunner, 1957 - Snowy Mountains Scheme explained, item 1

This is an excerpt from a 1957 black-and-white documentary titled 'The Forerunner' that tells the story of the building of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. A man points out features on a large three-dimensional model as he explains to a small group of people who may be new Scheme employees that the Snowy River ...