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Listed under:  Health  >  Medicine  >  Immunisation

Vaccine bottle containing venereal disease vaccine, 1920s

This is a brown glass bottle containing a bacterial culture, 'Bacillus bulgaricus', which was used as a vaccine against venereal disease in the 1920s. The label on the bottle says that it is 'a living culture in whey'. It was manufactured by Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL) Ltd, Parkville, Victoria. The overall dimensions ...


Boxed pneumonia vaccine vial, 1920s

This is a paper-wrapped box from the 1920s containing a glass vial of serum used as a pneumonia vaccine. The printing on the paper wrapping says that the box contains 30 cc of the anti-pneumococcal serum (polyvalent), and that it was prepared in the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories. The wrapper also bears the name Commonwealth ...


Wooden bottle rack with glass bottles, 1920s

This is a wooden rack with a set of glass bottles containing various fluids. The set was used during the 1920s by the Vaccines Department at Commonwealth Serum Laboratories in Victoria for standard culture suspensions. This item is part of the CSL Collection at Museum Victoria.


Container for Spanish influenza vaccine, 1919

This bottle once contained a vaccine for complications arising from Spanish influenza, the first vaccine to be manufactured by Commonwealth Serum Laboratories in Victoria in 1919. The bottle has a typed label: 'SPECIAL INFLUENZA VACCINE / (Mixed). / (A) Strength. / Commonwealth Serum Laboratories, Melbourne'. The item is ...


Four children after smallpox vaccination, St Margaret Island, c1910

This is a black-and-white photograph taken on St Margaret Island in Gippsland in about 1910. Four children stand near a wooden fence with a house and trees in the background. The children are all rugged up in big coats and hats after having received their smallpox vaccinations, probably from the photographer himself, the ...

Moving Image

Fighting infection with vaccines

Explore historical and modern efforts to battle human infectious diseases. Watch re-enactments of the experiments of Edward Jenner, who pioneered vaccination, and of Louis Pasteur's work showing how microbes cause infection. Peer down the microscope to see the microbial world that wreaks havoc on human health. Learn about ...

Moving Image

Why vaccinate?

The human immune system's role is to deal with the threat of infection. However, sometimes the immune system fails to stop an infection that can lead to disease. Vaccines are used to prevent some diseases. Discover how a vaccine helps the immune system respond to the threat of infection. Find out why vaccination is a controversial ...



This collection of digital curriculum resources is organised in two categories - causes and spread of infections; and fighting infections. Videos and images provide a historical perspective of human infectious diseases in Australia, including epidemic events and drug and vaccine development. Learning objects explore the ...


Immune system

This collection contains digital curriculum resources. It is organised into three categories - structure and function of the immune system; disorders of the immune system; and vaccination and the immune system. It includes learning objects, videos, images and sound recordings. The roles played by blood and stem cells are ...

Interactive Resource

Artificial Immunity

This resource consists of 2 sets of automated illustrated slides with voice over presenting detailed information and explanations of the role of vaccines in offering artificial immunity against disease.

Interactive Resource


Students use this resource consisting of eleven slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand that immunisations and medicines can be used to help the body fight infections. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Interactive Resource

All about eggs: Egg farming and sustainability

This interactive lesson teaches students about the impact of egg farming on the environment and how farmers are working to create sustainable farming practices to lessen the impact, including reusing and recycling where possible and appropriately managing waste and the potential for disease. Students also investigate how ...

Interactive Resource

All about eggs: Customer choices

This interactive lesson introduces students to the three main types of commercial egg farming systems used in Australia. Students will learn about the challenges surrounding supply and demand in the egg industry and the importance of understanding consumer choices. Students will also investigate the farming systems of other ...

Interactive Resource

All about eggs: What is animal welfare?

This interactive lesson enables students to understand how the growth and survival of a hen is affected by the physical conditions of its environment. They will gain knowledge of the ways in which egg farmers care for their hens and how the government enforces strict guidelines to ensure their safety and wellbeing. Students ...

Moving Image

Dr Chris Smith – virology

A YouTube playlist of seventeen videos that cover an interview between Dr Chris Smith and some Stage 6 high school students. The interview covers a range of topics including the working life of a teaching scientist, virology, vaccinations and pandemics. The level of scientific detail is at an HSC level but these resources ...


The Conversation - Understanding immunisation and vaccination

A series of articles about vaccination and immunisation including: explanations on so-called ‘herd immunity’; myth-busting; the research on the claims made by those who are anti-vaccination; and case studies of immunisation against polio, small pox, HIV, influenza, measles, and others. Each article is about 600-800 words.The ...

Teacher resource

Micro-organisms - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea includes a two-week unit of work, 'Micro-organisms', which focuses on classifying micro-organisms, recognising useful micro-organisms, discussing the diseases caused by pathogenic micro-organisms and using sterile techniques to grow micro-organisms. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.


Geometrical construction - mathematics activities

This is a photograph of a wall plaque, commemorating 'Life Members' of the Australian Association of Mathematics Teachers, made using a Reuleaux triangle shape. Although this shape is common in engineering design from drill bits to rotary engine construction (in an adapted form), it will be unfamiliar to many mathematics ...


Children playing cricket at Manly Beach, 1964

This is a colour photograph showing children playing cricket on Manly Beach in 1964. Nine children are gathered around the batter, who is wearing calipers and is waiting for the ball to be bowled. Other beachgoers, the Manly Surf Pavilion, other buildings and some trees are in the background.


Beef cattle industry, 1932

This is a short excerpt from a silent black-and-white documentary entitled 'The beef cattle industry' and filmed in 1932. The first sequence shows scenes of white and Indigenous Australian stockmen herding cattle and unloading their horses in front of a partially built store shelter. The following sequence begins with the ...