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Listed under:  History  >  World history  >  Maritime history

Prison hulk York, 1987

This model of the convict hulk York (England, 1807) reflects the harshness of the British penal system in the 18th century, especially the transportation of convicts to Australia. The model is cut away to reveal the daily activities of life on board and allows the viewer to better understand the unsanitary and cramped conditions ...


Shipwreck of the Dunbar at 'the Heads', 1857

The wreck of the clipper ship Dunbar off Sydney Heads in 1857 is regarded as the worst peacetime merchant shipping tragedy in NSW history. This letter was copied from a handwritten manuscript by James Graham, the signal master at South Head, Sydney, in 1857, and was printed in the Sydney Morning Herald on 22 August 1857, ...


Parliamentary paper: summary of Chinese arriving in Victoria, 1885

This parliamentary paper documents information such as ship details, taxation and numbers of Chinese immigrants who arrived in the Colony of Victoria during 1885 and follows on from the earlier Chinese Immigration Act of 1885 (Victoria). The lure of economic prosperity had attracted large numbers of Chinese during the gold ...


Charlotte medal,  1788

This silver medal was engraved by Thomas Barrett, a convict on board the First Fleet transport vessel Charlotte, when the ship was anchored in Botany Bay in 1788. It is recognised as arguably the earliest example of Australian colonial art. One side of the medal depicts a fully rigged ship, sun on the horizon, moon and ...


A list of articles for a lady's use during her passage to India, 1850s

This female emigrant's kit outlined a comprehensive list compiled by Mrs Norton and printed by W Stevens in the 1850s. It was intended for the use of fashionable, unassisted female migrants to aid in their assimilation into colonial society. The list comprised clothing, including morning gowns, waistcoats, night caps and ...


Djarrwark ga Dhalwanu, 1998

This is one of 80 bark paintings in the Saltwater Collection, created by artists of the Yolgnu people of north-east Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory. These works highlight the issue of Indigenous land and sea rights and use sacred art to inform balanda (non-Indigenous people) of Aboriginal land ownership, in order ...


Letter from Arthur Lederer to HE Lady Max-Muller, 14 February 1939

This letter of thanks was written by Arthur Lederer to H E Lady Max-Muller in 1939 in appreciation of her generosity in helping him and his family escape Nazi-occupied Austria and migrate to Australia. Lady Max-Muller, living in London, had financed the Lederer family's passage by ship and their associated landing fees ...


Torres Strait canoe, c1988

This wood and bamboo model, made by George Crowly around 1988 and built to a scale of 1:15, represents a traditional canoe of the early 20th century from Mabuiag Island (Jervis Island) in the Bellevue Islands of Torres Strait. The vessel's design means that it was suitable for diverse fishing techniques (nets, harpoons, ...


Teaspoon from the Dunbar shipwreck, 1850s

This silver-plated teaspoon is one of numerous items of cutlery recovered from the site of the Dunbar shipwreck (1857) near the entrance to Sydney Harbour. The loss of the vessel was one of Australia's worst maritime disasters and objects recovered from the wreck site give us a snapshot of the period. They also provide ...


'The abolition of the slave trade', 1792

This is a hand-coloured cartoon print showing an African girl being hoisted by the ankle for a flogging on board the British slaving vessel Recovery. The vessel's captain John Kimber is seen on the left, whip in hand. The cartoon was drawn by Isaac Cruikshank and published by S W Fores in London on 10 April 1792. The alternative ...


Slave decks of the bark Wildfire, 1860

This a black-and white engraving showing emaciated Africans on the slave decks of the ship Wildfire. Women are seen in the background on an upper deck, and in the foreground men and boys are crowded together. The engraving was published in Harper's Weekly on 2 June 1860. It was entitled 'The Africans of the slave bark "Wildfire." ...


'Landing negroes at Jamestown from Dutch man-of-war, 1619'

This is a black-and-white illustration showing how the well-known American artist Howard Pyle (1853-1911) imagined the landing of the first Africans at Jamestown in the colony of Virginia nearly 300 years after the historical event. Pyle depicts 20 emaciated captives kneeling or sitting on the ground, guarded by men with ...

Moving Image

Batavia shipwreck leads to mass murder

In 1629, the Dutch merchant ship Batavia was wrecked off the Western Australian coast near present-day Geraldton. What followed was a tale of mutiny and mass murder on the surrounding islands. Hear from two members of the 1963 expedition that first uncovered the ship's remains, as they visit one of the islands in 2013.


Mrs Pexton's diary on board the convict transport Pilot, 1816

Mrs Pexton travelled on board the convict transport ship Pilot. As the captain's wife, her diary provides an insightful account of the seven-month journey from Ireland to Sydney and back to England from an unusual perspective. It includes substantial anecdotal accounts of life on the ship, aspects of the voyage and the ...


How soon they forget, c2001

This etching (ink on paper) was created by Roy Kennedy of the Wiradjuric language group around 2001. The work depicts the Police Paddock mission and Warangesda mission, near Griffith in NSW where Kennedy and his family lived. The work highlights the artist's own experience on a rural mission, and documents the life of many ...


Postcard with poem entitled 'Doors', 1939

This poem, entitled 'Doors', was written by Arthur Lederer shortly before he and his family departed England on board SS Orama in 1939. The Lederers had fled Austria to escape Nazi persecution of the Jews and had travelled via Czechoslovakia and Great Britain before joining their ship to Australia. The poem uses a door ...


Royal Australian Naval Brigade certificate of discharge, 1919

This Royal Australian Naval Brigade certificate of discharge for Petty Officer Frank Hamilton was issued in 1919. It gives details of his rank, date of birth, date and reason for discharge. The certificate relates directly to the role of the Australian Naval Expeditionary Force taking possession of German New Guinea in ...

Interactive Resource

Moments in Time

Moments in Time is an interactive timeline presenting key events that occurred around the world between 650 and 1918 CE. This innovative digital resource enables you to see what was happening, in different locations around the world, at any moment in time – simply scroll the timeline to travel through time and explore when ...

Teacher resource

Moments in time: Teaching resource

Explore suggestions for using the interactive resource Moments in time to develop your students' understanding of important historical periods, movements, events and contexts. Along the way, encourage students to question the reliability and usefulness of available sources.


James Cook - finding your way

If you decide to visit somewhere you've never been before, how do you find your way? If you're in a car, the driver might use a GPS. You might use a smartphone app to give you directions. Perhaps you might go really ‘old school' and use a printed map or street directory. But how did explorers navigate their way around the ...