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Listed under:  Health  >  Diseases  >  Mental disorders
Teacher resource

Understanding learning difficulties: a practical guide

This booklet and its supporting information sheets are designed to provide a greater awareness of the significant impact learning disabilities can have on students, and to outline the effective remediation and accommodation strategies for use in the classroom. The resource focuses on specific learning difficulties that ...


Housemaid's white linen cap, c1900

This is a white linen housemaid's cap, also called a mob cap. It is circular and gathered around the face with an internal strap, also of white linen, for fastening the cap around the head. The cap is 32 cm long.


Psychiatric patient's padded cap, c1900

This is a double-layered cap made with strong khaki-coloured cotton as the outer lining and wool as the inner lining; it has kapok for padding and cotton straps on the top and both sides. It has been roughly constructed or repaired with black machine stitch around its lower edge. The cap is 26 cm long and 11 cm wide.


Brass observation hole, c1900

This brass observation hole was installed on a door at Ballarat Mental Hospital, Victoria in order to observe patients.


Padlock and key from mental health hospital, 1859

These items are a padlock and key manufactured by Chubb and Sons Lock and Safe Co Ltd in 1859, and used in a mental health hospital in Victoria. It is part of the Psychiatric Services Collection at Museum Victoria. The padlock is 9.0 cm wide x 10.0 cm high x 3.0 cm thick.


Stencil plate from Ballarat Lunatic Asylum, c1900

This is a square metal stencil plate with lettering cut in a circular shape, used for labelling objects at the Ballarat Lunatic Asylum. The plate is 14.7 cm long x 14.0 cm wide.


Child's corduroy pinafore worn in mental health hospital, c1980

This is a red pinafore of the type worn by young female patients in a Victorian mental health hospital in about 1980. It has been mended by hand sewing.


Reinforced quilted cotton dress, c1900

This is a faded blue very heavy cotton dress, lined and quilted. It has black stitching, a gathered skirt and waistband, long sleeves and a round neck with a stand-up collar. The back has eyelets to the waist. The dress is 125.0 cm long x 86.0 cm wide.


Webbed moleskin petticoat from mental health hospital, c1910-30

This is a cream moleskin webbed petticoat used to restrict leg movement of agitated and violent patients at a mental health hospital in Victoria, Australia, about 1910-30. It is part of the Psychiatric Services Collection at Museum Victoria. The petticoat is 124.0 cm long x 49.0 cm wide.


Straitjacket from Mayday Hills Hospital, c1900

This item is a cream heavy canvas straitjacket worn by female patients as a restraining device at a mental health hospital, the Mayday Hills Hospital in Beechworth, Victoria, in about 1900. It is well-worn and much-mended, and the neckline has been padded with stockinet to minimise chafing. The pockets have been replaced ...


Pill tray from Mayday Hills Hospital, c1960

This is a circular wooden pill tray with three concentric grooves and embedded metal strips radiating from the centre to form compartments. A cotton reel is nailed to its centre and from this extends a metal loop used for carrying the tray. The compartments are labelled with patients' names and medications in ink on adhesive ...


Electroconvulsive therapy machine, c1953-60

This is an electroconvulsive therapy machine, consisting of a sealed metal box with dials, lights and printed lettering, with an electric lead and plug. It was made by Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Ltd around 1953-60. It is part of the Psychiatric Services Collection at Museum Victoria. The machine is 16.0 cm long ...


Isolation cabinet, c1870

This is an isolation cell or isolation chamber, from about 1870, viewed on its side. It is a tall rounded structure of stout tongue-and-groove timber, with straight wings each side of a curved front, so it will fit into a corner. The curved door has a metal handle and a heavy loop-style latch on the outside. It formerly ...


Milton Coutt's anaesthetic machine, c1939

Manufactured in 1939, this anaesthetic machine was used by the surgical unit at Mont Park Mental Hospital in the Melbourne surburb of Bundoora.


Schimmelbusch's anaesthetic mask, c1950

This Schimmelbusch's chloroform mask was used in dental or medical surgery to anaesthetise patients at a Victorian mental hospital. It is 10.50 cm long, 6.00 cm wide 19.00 cm high.


Bellamy Gardner's anaesthetic mask, c1950

Devised by Bellamy Gardner, this chloroform mask was used in dental or medical surgery at a Victorian mental hospital to anaesthetise patients. It is 8.50 cm long, 6.00 cm wide and 15.50 cm high.


Kevin Rudd, Prime Minister 2007-2010

This is a colour photograph of the Honourable Kevin Rudd, Australia's twenty-sixth Prime Minister. It shows him talking with Mrs Bess Carr at the launch of the Shell-shocked exhibition at the National Archives in 2008.

Moving Image

Genetics, inheritance and epilepsy

Explore genetics, the patterns of inheritance and disease-causing mutations. Find out about Gregor Mendel's historic pea-plant breeding experiments showing that traits are inherited in particular patterns. See how Australian scientists discovered the gene mutation responsible for a type of epilepsy.

Moving Image

Books that changed the world: Sigmund Freud

How do you discuss the impact of a book on society with your friends or family? In this clip a panel of writers discuss Sigmund Freud's 'The Interpretation of Dreams'. Listen as they present their different opinions and respond to one another's point of view. The panellists also consider the enduring ability of books to ...


When I'm riding, I don't think about my Asperger's

Jordan Gyss, who was born with Asperger's syndrome, says he found life before cycling 'one giant pain'. In this Heywire audio story, he describes how competitive cycling helps him manage his condition while providing a source of excitement and challenge. Could you write or record a similar story about yourself and/or your ...