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Listed under:  History  >  Historical periods  >  Middle Ages
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Henry VIII challenges the Catholic Church

How did the Catholic Church lose its power in England? During the Middle Ages, the Roman Catholic Church had authority over the Christian countries of Europe. Anyone who defied the Pope could be excommunicated, and in the 16th century that meant being condemned to hell. So what were the implications when King Henry VIII ...

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How to smell like a Norman knight

The Normans were descended from Vikings who took control of the part of France we call Normandy. Norman knights conquered England following the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Discover what life was like for boys aiming to become Norman knights, including what they ate, drank and learnt, and how often their clothes were washed.

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The Battle of Hastings, again!

How was England changed forever by one battle in 1066? In that year, a Norman army led by Duke William of Normandy sailed to England and defeated the Saxon army of Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings. Visit the site of the battle during a re-enactment by medieval history buffs. This is the first of two clips.

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Dirty tricks in 1066

How was William of Normandy able to defeat the Saxon army of Harold Godwinson in 1066 and become the king of England? The Norman's victory at Hastings marked the beginning of their complete conquest of England over the following few years. Discover the tactics of both sides in the Battle of Hastings. This clip is the second ...

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A Viking as the king of England

Who was King Cnut and how did he come to rule England? Cnut the Great (c. 990-1035 CE), commonly known as Canute, invaded England with Viking armies in 1013 and 1015 and gained the throne of England in 1016. Discover the last resting place of this Danish Viking who at one time ruled England, Denmark, Norway and part of Sweden.

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How the Black Death arrived in London

London, 1348. The city is crowded, bustling and trading successfully with the powerhouses of international commerce. But the merchant ships making their way up the Thames River are bringing more than spices, textiles and wine. Find out what happens when the unwelcome cargo arrives. This clip is the first in a series of two.

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When bubonic plague goes pneumonic

Imagine a disease that boasts a death rate of one hundred per cent and kills hundreds of people a day. This is 'pneumonic plague'. Along with its variant 'bubonic plague', the disease ravaged the population of London in the mid-14th century. In this clip, find out how the plague affected its many victims. This clip is the ...

Interactive resource

Secondary history: historical inquiry - research

These seven learning activities focus on research using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), and illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers provide appropriate guidance and scaffolds ...

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Michelangelo's statue of David

This is a colour image of Renaissance artist Michelangelo Buonarroti's marble statue of the biblical figure David, completed in 1504 and on display at the Galleria dell'Accademia in Florence, Italy. David is depicted just before he faces Goliath, with his slingshot over his left shoulder and his right hand gripping a stone.

Interactive Resource

Vikings: the north Atlantic saga - online exhibition

This is an online exhibition rich in historical information, animations and source material about the Vikings in general and their westward expansion in particular. The exhibition, developed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, contains three elements, two intended for students and one for teachers. ...

Interactive Resource

Battle of Hastings - game

This interactive game is about the Battle of Hastings in 1066 AD. Students are presented with a battlefield with two armies facing one other. They must decide whether to take the part of William of Normandy or of the Saxon king Harold Godwinson and choose from a range of tactics. Text and sound effects accompany the game. ...

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Medieval stonemasons

This resource is about the medieval stonemason. It includes text and some images. The resource is organised under four topic headings: A mason's craft; Soaring monuments; Heavenly Jerusalem; and Find out more. Interposed in the text are images of Ely Cathedral, Salisbury Cathedral and Wells Cathedral.

Interactive Resource

Paint the cathedral

This simple interactive game is about the medieval cathedral of Wells in England. It includes an image of the west front of the cathedral today, some background information about the cathedral and its decorations in medieval times, and instructions on how to 'paint' the west wing.

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Ottoman Empire (1301-1922)

This resource is about the rise and fall of the Islamic Ottoman Empire. It includes text and some images. The resource is organised under eight topic headings: Introduction; Why was the Empire successful?; Constantinople; Other religions; Sultan and court; Suleiman – a golden age; Decline; and Find out more. The images ...

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Black Death

This resource is about the plague that broke out in England from 1348-49. It provides an overview of the plague in the British Isles beginning with the initial outbreak in Dorset, which then spread to England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The resource includes many contemporary descriptions of the plague, the death toll ...

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Black Death: the disease

The resource is about the plague, the disease known as Black Death in 14th-century England. It describes the three variations of the disease: bubonic, pneumonic and septicaemic, and the causes and symptoms of the disease. It also considers the origins of the bacteria, the conditions needed for an epidemic to occur and the ...

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Black Death: the effect of the plague

This resource is about the effects of the plague, known as the Black Death, in rural England from 1348 to 1352. The resource describes deserted villages in rural England, uninhabited after the death of the population from the plague. It reports that the biggest effect of the plague was in rural areas because most people ...

Audio

Genghis Khan

This resource is a BBC audio recording about Genghis Khan. It consists of an interview by Melvyn Bragg with three historians of the period, discussing Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire. The discussion includes details of Genghis Khan's birth in the 12th century, his early life, his leadership of a great empire and his ...

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The Mongols in world history

This rich online resource is about the Mongol empire viewed in the context of the beginnings of world history. It provides a comprehensive set of materials about the Mongol culture and its history during the period from the birth of Temujin - later Chinggis (Genghis) Khan - in about 1162 to the end of the empire in 1368. ...

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Key figures in Mongol history

This resource, a component of the online resource The Mongols in world history, focuses on key figures in Mongol history. It includes biographical data on Chinggis (Genghis) Khan, his son Ogodei and grandson Khubilai Khan, and Khubilai's wife Chabi. It also gives an account of Marco Polo and Phags-pa, a Tibetan Buddhist ...