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Listed under:  Technologies  >  Manufacturing processes  >  Refining

Workman operating paper press machine at Australian Paper Mills, c1950

This is a black-and-white image from the original negative depicting a workman operating a paper press machine at the Australian Paper Mills. The workman, wearing stained white overalls, stands in front of a long stand of large rollers. Above the machinery is what appears to be a system to extract fumes. In the foreground ...


Australian Paper Mills workmen operating paper-making machine, c1950

This is a black-and-white image from the original negative depicting three men operating a Walmsleys (Bury) Limited paper-manufacturing machine at the Australian Paper Mills at Fairfield in Victoria. The men are standing beside machines that appear to be making long sheets of white paper, which are collected into rolls. ...


'Big Tanks', 1958

This is a black-and-white image from the original negative titled 'Big Tanks', depicting a section of a petrochemical refinery at Altona in Victoria. Shown here are several large storage tanks, chimney stacks with a plume of smoke coming from one, and part of the processing area. The negative is 1.03 cm wide and 10.0 cm high.


Aerial view of woodchip mill beside a river, 1970-80

This is a colour image from the original negative depicting an aerial view of a small woodchip mill in operation. Visible are roads, various buildings and an area with chimneys emitting smoke. The mill is in an area with a considerable number of trees. In the foreground is a hill which has very few trees. The mill is located ...


Copper processing

Find out how copper ore is extracted and turned into copper metal. This is a PowerPoint presentation showing the properties, uses and extraction of copper. It includes details of the mining and processing of copper ore, as well as smelting, converting and refining to produce copper metal. Most slides contain photographs ...

Interactive Resource

Copper processing

This interactive activity allows students to explore the processes involved in the mining and processing of copper ore and the production of copper. Students initially put the processes in the correct sequence and then select each stage to animate it and access relevant information. The smelting stage includes an activity ...

Moving Image

Where does bread come from?

Do you know where your bread comes from? Discover how many other foods can be made from wheat flour. This clip tells the story of wheat from the farm to the factory. See how the big machines in a flour mill make flour from grains of wheat.

Moving Image

Addicted to oil, automobiles and petrochemicals

See how crude oil became indispensable to modern life as the transport industry developed and our 'thirst' for oil developed. Find out how petrochemicals derived from oil are contained in virtually everything, from plastics and paints, to pesticides and painkillers.

Moving Image

How does rice get to the supermarket?

Do you like brown rice or white rice? Do you know why they look different? This clip shows how rice grains from the farm are cleaned, milled and packed into bags. Discover how many different foods can be made from rice.


Aluminium ingots, 1970

This is a colour photograph, taken in 1970, of a worker using a front-end loader to stack aluminium ingots.


Shell's Geelong refinery, 1970s - asset 1

This is an excerpt taken from a colour film with soundtrack made by the Shell Film Unit in the 1970s announcing a 'major breakthrough' at the Shell refinery in Geelong, Victoria. It opens with a shot taken from a plane of an oil tanker behind the title 'Shell Report' and the red and yellow Shell logo, which is also painted ...


Shell's Geelong refinery, 1970s - asset 2

This is an excerpt from a colour film with soundtrack made in the 1970s, reporting on a 'major breakthrough' by the Shell oil refinery in Geelong, Victoria. It opens with men walking about and climbing stairs in the spotlessly clean refinery. They are formally dressed with collars and ties, wear safety goggles and helmets ...


Sugar production, c1962 - asset 3

This is a clip taken from silent colour film footage, shot in about 1962, illustrating aspects of sugar production in the Maryborough district of south-east Queensland. The clip was filmed at the Maryborough Sugar Factory and its opening shot shows juice from crushed sugar cane falling into a steel trough. The next shot ...


The Australian Steel Works, c1920: Steel rails

This silent black-and-white clip from the sponsored film 'The Australian Steel Works' shows some of the final steps in the production of steel rails and fishplates at the steelworks at Newcastle, New South Wales. The opening scenes show lengths of semi-finished steel rails passing backwards and forwards through a rolling ...

Moving Image

Post-harvest grain losses in Sub-Saharan Africa

This is a three-and-a-half-minute video promoting the case for investment in reducing the huge amount of grain lost to post-harvest pests and decay in Sub-Saharan Africa. It begins by highlighting the extent of grain losses, pointing out that they equal 20 per cent of all grain harvested, would have been worth about US$4 ...

Moving Image

The story of sugarcane: paddock to plate

This resource tracks the production of sugar from the time sugarcane is planted through to harvest and processing. It includes a video of farming operations, including the planting of setts or cane off-cuts to grow the new plants, as well as footage taken inside the factory that follows the change from sugarcane juice to ...

Teacher resource

From Paddock to Plate

Discover where our food comes from and how it gets to our table. Explore farming practices and the processes involved in producing familiar food products. Use video clips to investigate the biological needs of food crops and farm animals. Explore the diversity of foods that may be produced from a range of agricultural produce.