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English / Year 5 / Language / Expressing and developing ideas

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand the difference between main and subordinate clauses and that a complex sentence involves at least one subordinate clause (ACELA1507)

Elaborations
  • knowing that complex sentences make connections between ideas, such as: to provide a reason, for example He jumped up because the bell rang.; to state a purpose, for example She raced home to confront her brother.; to express a condition, for example It will break if you push it.; to make a concession, for example She went to work even though she was not feeling well.; to link two ideas in terms of various time relations, for example Nero fiddled while Rome burned.
  • knowing that a complex sentence typically consists of a main clause and a subordinate clause
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Sentences (Grammar),  Clauses

Video

Study English: sentences and conjunctions

Improve your writing with a variety of compound and complex sentences. Discover some simple ways to connect ideas with conjunctions (words that join). In this clip, presenter Margot Politis unpacks a video report on a new, environmentally friendly solar house. You'll clear any confusion about conjunctions, clauses and commas.

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Syllabus bites: types of sentences

A web page resource with information, teacher guides and activities on types of sentences to support the Australian Curriculum in English K–10. It has detailed activities, links to resources and quizzes.

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Syllabus bites: Visual literacy

A resource with information, study guides and resources on visual literacy to support the English K-10 Australian Curriculum in English. It provides a series of activities, guidelines and tasks about visual texts from a variety of sources. Contains writing scaffolds, templates and proformas for responding and composing ...

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Finish the story: bushfire

Edit a comic book story to make it more exciting and complete. Look closely at a narrative about an adventure where a couple driving home are trapped by a bushfire. Choose an ending. Improve the story by adding adverbs, choosing verbs and changing nouns to pronouns. Choose a title and image for the cover.

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Finish the story: boat disaster

Edit a comic book story about an adventure where a couple spend a day fishing from a boat, but then get stranded. Look closely at the narrative and make it more exciting and complete. Choose an ending. Improve the story by adding adjectives, choosing verbs and linking sentences using text connectives. Choose a title and ...

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Show and tell: eerie encounter

Watch a short cartoon about a close encounter with an alien spaceship. Select language elements to create sentences and build a basic factual recount. Rearrange the elements to create the best word order in the sentences. Who was involved? What did they do? When, where or how did they do it? Add adverbs and adjectives to ...

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Point of view: newspaper report

Examine a model newspaper report to learn about structure and use of verbs, adverbial phrases and pronouns. Read and listen to two witness reports of a skateboarding accident. Identify the two different points of view. Arrange paragraphs for the newspaper report. Select suitable verbs and adverbial phrases for the report. ...

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Show and tell: that cat

Watch a short cartoon about a cat chasing a bird. Select noun groups, verb groups and phrases to create sentences and build a basic factual recount. Rearrange the word groups to create the best order in the sentences. Who was involved? What did they do? When, where or how did they do it? Add adjectives and adverbs to make ...

Interactive

Riddle of the black panther: evidence against

Build a TV report for a current affairs program. Tell the story that there is a false rumour of a black panther roaming around a town terrorising the people. Make the viewers feel that people in the town are safe. Examine photos, sounds, witness reports and video clips. Choose footage to fit your storyline. Edit and arrange ...

Video

Study English: recounts and opposites

Discover ways to talk and write about something that has happened in the past. Presenter Margot Politis unpacks a video in which a woman speaks of the time she had a medical emergency. You will gain some tips on forming compound and complex sentences. You'll also learn some common past tense verbs and some useful information ...

Video

Study English: adjectives and their uses

Explore the power of adjectives. In this clip, presenter Margot Politis unpacks a documentary video about the sea floor. Discover how useful adjectives can be when you compare and describe things. You'll also learn how to put adjectives in the correct order when you are using more than one.

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Responsible fishing in Western Australia: write an article

Go fishing in Western Australia. Look at how and why laws restrict people from taking certain fish. Identify cases where laws apply: size limits, bag limits and closed seasons. Build a magazine article explaining the fishing laws. Use a model structure and persuasive text to support a responsible position. For example, ...

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Super stories: The Abandoned House: nouns and adjectives

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective nouns and adjectives to increase the impact of the story and make it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

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Super stories: The Abandoned House: verbs and adverbs

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective verbs and adverbs to increase the impact of the story by making it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events.

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Super stories: The Sea Cave: nouns and adjectives

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective nouns and adjectives to increase the impact of the story and make it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Interactive

Super stories: The Sea Cave: verbs and adverbs

Help a publishing director create a bestselling horror story. Read the story. Choose effective verbs and adverbs to increase the impact of the story and make it scarier. Select illustrations that highlight the horror of the events.

Interactive

Dragon's jumble: dream: four parts

Help a dragon remember what happened in his dream. View four pictures from a recount. Place the pictures in the correct order. Choose sentences to match what is happening in the pictures. Add temporal connectives such as 'to begin with', 'after that' and 'last of all' to show the order of events. Watch an animation of the ...

Online

Wonderful words: pets: assessment: teacher guide

Use this resource with 'Wonderful words: pets: assessment' (L9679). First, see a profile of that assessment object, which gives you some helpful background information. Then follow clear guidelines on the marking and interpretation of student input. For the most complex task, read notes on the three main anticipated levels ...

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Wonderful words: space: assessment: teacher guide

Use this resource with 'Wonderful words: space: assessment' (L9681). First, see a profile of that assessment object, which gives you some helpful background information. Then follow clear guidelines on the marking and interpretation of student input. For the most complex task, read notes on the three main anticipated levels ...

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My day: Jeneka: level 2

Help Jeneka by selecting the best texts for different parts of her day. Choose the correct text in a range of activities such as helping Jeneka make up her mind about what to pack in her school bag and what to choose for a healthy lunch from the menu.