Mathematics / Year 4 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

Curriculum content descriptions

Apply place value to partition, rearrange and regroup numbers to at least tens of thousands to assist calculations and solve problems (ACMNA073)

  • recognising and demonstrating that the place-value pattern is built on the operations of multiplication or division of tens
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Place value,  Associativity


Sites2See – number for primary

Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of number in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.


BTN: What is an abacus?

An abacus is a tool that helps people solve maths problems. Why might some people still use, and encourage the use of, an abacus when there are more contemporary tools like calculators?


reSolve: Place Value: Cartoon Counting

This lesson engages students in investigating place value by considering a counting system using base 8. Students are challenged to imagine how place value would work in a cartoon world where everyone only had eight fingers. They engage in activities with counting blocks, representing numbers in base 10 and in base 8 and ...


Wishball challenge: whole numbers

Test your understanding of decimal place value with whole numbers. Receive a starting number, such as 3786, and work towards turning it into a target number, 7664. Spin a random digit, choose its decimal place value and use the given operation (either addition or subtraction) on your starting number. Be careful not to overshoot ...


reSolve: Algebra: Chess - The King

This lesson aims to build students' algebraic reasoning and understanding of number as they explore computation on the number chart. Students explore the moves of a king chess piece and how the value of the numbers change as he moves. This builds into an algebraic exploration of equivalent values that can be found on the ...


reSolve: Authentic Problems: 10000 Centicubes

This sequence of four lessons integrates content in number and measurement to deepen students' understanding and confidence working with larger numbers. Students work flexibly with numbers up to 10 000 as they determine suitable dimensions for a container that can hold 10 000 centicubes. They are challenged to plan, construct ...


Counting games - years 1 and 2

This is a teacher resource that includes a set of student activities including counting games, focusing on numbers to 100, accompanied by copy masters and a detailed teacher guide for each activity. The games include the Korean number counting game sam yew gew - referred to as 'sam-yuk-gu' in the Australian Curriculum. ...


Let's party!

In this lesson students learn about needs and wants whilst budgeting for a birthday party. Students gather and compare data about how their classmates celebrate birthdays. They are then introduced to budgeting in the context of planning a party. They are asked to consider how needs and wants impact their spending choices ...


TIMES Module 2: Number and Algebra: addition and subtraction - teacher guide

This is a 29-page guide for teachers. The module introduces addition and subtraction of whole numbers.


TIMES Module 8: Number and Algebra: subtraction of whole numbers - teacher guide

This is a 16-page guide for teachers. This module continues the consideration of whole numbers.


TIMES Module 3: Number and Algebra: multiplication and division - teacher guide

This is a 23-page guide for teachers. This module contains a description of suitable models for multiplication, a discussion of the type of problem phrased in words that requires multiplication for its solution, and mental and written strategies for multiplication. The use of the commutative, associative and distributive ...


MoneySmart: Money maps

This learning object helps students to explore the history of currency including bartering, the development of cash systems, and the arrival of cards and ATMs, both in Australia and around the world. It provides an interactive time line which spans the development of currency around the globe from 9000BCE to today, and ...


Mixed Up Maths, Ep 1: Monumental measurement mess ups

Did you know that in Australia we use a metric system for measurement? See if you know the units of measurement for length, mass and volume. Find out what system the United States uses. You guessed it - they don't use the metric system! See how a mix up of these units can cause all kinds of mess ups.


MathXplosion, Ep 6: Zero the hero

What is the role of zero as a placeholder for large numbers such as 1 million, 1 billion and 1 trillion? Find out about the notion of place value and powers of ten through the act of bead counting.


MathXplosion, Ep 2: Double that number

Explore an age-old multiplication method that repeatedly doubles numbers to get a product. Learn how this ancient method of multiplication is similar to that used by modern computers.


reSolve: Algebra: Odds and Evens

This sequence of two lessons focuses on developing students' understanding of the properties of odd and even numbers. Students explore the results of adding and subtracting odd and even numbers and use these results to make generalisations. They then apply this generalisation to solve problems and to explore patterns. The ...


reSolve: Multiplication - The Tiler

This task explores arrays through the context of a tiling a courtyard. Students are given the total cost of tiling a courtyard and use this to calculate the price for individual tiles. They then explore the cost of different tiling designs to determine if one is cheaper than another. Each lesson is outlined in detail including ...


reSolve: Multiplication - Cartesian Product

This sequence of two lessons introduces the idea of multiplication as a Cartesian product, using the language of 'for each'. Students learn to use a tree diagram to find the number of possible combinations that can be made in an animal mix and match book. They learn how a simpler problem can be used to help solve a larger, ...


Decimaster: match-up 1

Explore ways of representing decimals using mathematical notation and visual tools. Match a decimal fraction between 0 and 1 such as 0.7. Adjust units on an area representation and a common fraction. Match three decimals with each tool.


Divide it up: puppies

Use a dividing tool to make equal shares of biscuits and toys in a pet shop. For example, share 34 biscuits equally between 6 puppies. Predict how many items each puppy will get, or how many packets can be filled. Check your prediction. Decide what to do with any leftovers. Complete a sentence describing the number operations.