Geography / Year 9 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Biomes and food security

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Curriculum content descriptions

Environmental, economic and technological factors that influence crop yields in Australia and across the world (ACHGK062)

Elaborations
  • describing how environmental factors (for example, climate, soil, landform and water), can support higher crop yields and investigating the environmental constraints on agricultural production in Australia (for example, soil moisture, water resources and soils)
  • investigating how high crop yields (for example, from wheat, rice and maize) around the world are related to factors such as irrigation, accessibility, labour supply, landforms and agricultural technologies (for example, high-yielding varieties)
  • evaluating the ways that agricultural innovations have changed some of the environmental limitations on and impacts of food production in Australia
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Crop yields

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Food for thought

Food security, or sufficient access to safe and nutritious food, is of rising global concern. Watch this animated clip to discover the main problems facing food security, and to see some suggestions for solutions that might incorporate strategies like waste management practices and emerging technologies.

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Food security in Australia

How much food does Australia produce, and what does this mean for food security in Australia? Watch this clip to find out about the factors that influence food production and crop yields, and also about the role that science and technology play. How will future population growth affect global food production and security?

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Farms have distinctive features: producer video

This is a video about action for sustainability on the Willalooka Pastoral Company's property in South Australia. Owner Thyne McGregor describes the natural characteristics of the extensive property in terms of its rainfall, soil quality and the Marcollat Watercourse. He tells how the property was originally cleared for ...

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About evapotranspiration

This resource is a Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) web page about evapotranspiration. The resource explains what evapotranspiration is and provides information about how the Bureau's evapotranspiration values have been calculated. It explains how to access the Bureau's daily evapotranspiration maps and tables, provides information ...

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The Conversation: agriculture

This resource consists of a multitude of news articles and analytical pieces under the topic of agriculture. Eight articles address the many challenges of world food security, five explore the impact of predicted water and phosphorus shortages on crop yields and one article analyses the broader impact of organic farming ...

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A flood of suffering

How does a community bounce back after devastating floods in 2013? This clip investigates the impact of flood cycles in the citrus-growing areas around Queensland's Burnett River. What type of support will help to improve the resilience of communities in this region and their capacity to cope?

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Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

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Timor-Leste: improving crop production

Explore the challenges to basic survival that farmers in the agricultural regions of Timor-Leste (East Timor) face. Discover how the 'Seeds of Life' program works to improve the selection and planting of successful crops that have higher yields. See how these first steps are helping to address rural poverty in the nation.

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Wheat: from the UK with love

Not since colonial times has Australia imported wheat from the United Kingdom. Watch this clip to find out why Australia turned to Britain and the USA in 2002 for supplies of grain that are traditionally grown in abundance on home soil.

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A new Silk Road: farming silk in Australia

When you think of silk farming, do you think of Asia? Meet two people from Margaret River in WA who are attempting to make a go of silk farming in Australia. What changes do they need to make to the traditional silk farming process to make their dream a reality? Watch the clip to find out.

Online

The future of food

Producing enough food to sustain the Earth's population is becoming more of a challenge. As environmental constraints keep tightening, technological innovation may be the answer to future food security. Compare the status of food production and food security in Australia with that of developing nations. Consider some claims ...

Online

Sustainable agriculture: agri-environmental indicators

This is a web resource that provides a database of agri-environmental indicators for environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries between 1990 and 2008. The data table can be customised, with options to view by country or by theme: land, energy, air, nutrients, soil, biodiversity, pesticides, water, farm management ...

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Poorest Indonesians help feed a nation

Indonesian farmers, some of whom are the poorest in the nation, are changing the way they do things to increase production. Watch this clip to find out how Indonesia's farming practices and trade rules have changed and how these things have affected its local farmers and trade partners.

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What's your evidence?

Dr Maarten Stapper believes in the benefits of biological farming. Whilst he has his supporters, Dr Stapper's ideas have struggled to gain acceptance within the scientific community. Find out why in this clip from 2009.

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Organic farming success

How and why did dairy farmer Pat McDonald start using organic fertilisers? What reasons are given in this video for why they’ve been a success?

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Marla Spivak: Why bees are disappearing

This is a video of a TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design) talk by Professor Marla Spivak about the dramatic decline in the number of bees. The 16-minute video begins with a discussion of why humans should care about bees, including their critical importance for the world's food supply. Professor Spivak explains that ...

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Post-harvest grain losses in Sub-Saharan Africa

This is a three-and-a-half-minute video promoting the case for investment in reducing the huge amount of grain lost to post-harvest pests and decay in Sub-Saharan Africa. It begins by highlighting the extent of grain losses, pointing out that they equal 20 per cent of all grain harvested, would have been worth about US$4 ...

Online

ABS: agricultural resource management practices, Australia, 2011-12

This is a digital resource containing data on various agricultural practices used on Australian farms, and was collected in a 2011-2012 Australian Bureau of Statistics survey. This resource provides information about farming practices including pasture and crop cultivation, livestock and feral animal management, fertiliser ...

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Food security and global farming

The expected growth in world population from 6.8 billion in 2010 to over 9 billion by 2050, the demand for food will increase by around 70 per cent. This collection of articles from the CSIRO describes some of the research that is underway to improve the world's agriculture sector to address this growing demand. The web ...

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Upholding cassava's potential in Africa

This is a video about the importance of cassava for food security in Africa and how the Regional Cassava Initiative supported small-scale farmers whose crops were affected by viral diseases. Plant virologist James Legg explains the extent of the problem and how the viruses are transmitted, and Burundi farmer Aoron Sebomana ...