History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Examination of significant events of World War II, including the Holocaust and use of the atomic bomb (ACDSEH107)

Elaborations
  • investigating the scale and significance of the Holocaust, using primary sources
  • explaining the race to build the atomic bomb (by Germany, Japan, the US) and why the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Military campaigns,  World War II,  Genocide,  Nuclear weapons

Video

Foreign Correspondent: Legacy of Nazism in modern Vienna

Why did Nazis in Austria dig up hundreds of human remains from graves in Vienna's Währing Jewish cemetery? Join reporter Mark Corcoran as he visits a Viennese museum to search for the remains of an 18th-century Jewish baroness. He makes some disturbing discoveries there. This clip from 2007 is the second of two.

Video

Foreign Correspondent: Uncovering a chapter of the Holocaust

What happened to the Jewish population of Vienna, Austria's capital, during World War II? Its members were among the estimated six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. In this clip from 2007, find out about the prolonged campaign of historian Tina Walzer to reclaim Vienna's Jewish heritage. The clip is the first of two.

Video

Journey into Japan: Tragic consequences of Japan's modernisation

Japan went through a remarkable transformation between 1868 and the death of the Emperor Meiji in 1912. But Japan's modernisation was accompanied by its rise as an imperialist power, with tragic results. Watch this clip to learn about the consequences of Japan's dream of empire. This clip is last in a series of six.

Interactive

Treasures of American history - online exhibition

This is an online exhibition showing the objects, artefacts and images that make up some of the treasures of US history. The treasures shown in this exhibition document eight of the challenging situations and issues that have helped to shape the USA. Topics include: revolution and the new nation; slavery; western expansion; ...

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Interactive

Interactive map of Auschwitz

This interactive map is about the evolution of the concentration camp complex at Auschwitz in Poland. It outlines the racial and biological basis of Nazi persecution, and traces the development of the camp established at Auschwitz. A series of maps and explanatory text describe: German territorial expansion by 1942; anti-Jewish ...

Video

'Country Town', 1943

This is a film about life, work and leisure in an English country town in 1943 and the changes brought about by World War II. Narrated by an actor in the role of the town's newspaper editor, the film discusses how food control and rationing have changed the markets and developed people's sense of interdependence; describes ...

Video

British News No 4

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities in June and July 1940 during World War II, immediately after the French capitulation of late June left Britain standing alone against Germany. It contains four segments: All British Forces Evacuate France as Petain Signs; Royal Navy Faces Increased ...

Video

British News No 1

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities from June 1940, in the days after the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk in World War II (1939-45). It contains five segments: King sees Sunday Arms Speed-up; River Plate Heroes in South Africa; Comforts for Our Men ...

Video

British News No 2

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities from June 1940, in the weeks and days immediately before the fall of France during World War II. It contains 10 segments: Made in Australia; Indian Troops in Britain; The Queen Visits the Wounded; Royal Investiture; More Tanks; The Courage ...

Video

British News No 3

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities in June and July 1940, before and after the French surrender and armistice of 22 and 25 June, during World War II (1939-45). It contains nine segments: Man That Fortress; Canadian Destroyers in England; Irish Unity; B.E.F. Reequipped; Royalty ...

Video

London 1942

This is a film about the effects of the World War II on London and Londoners in 1942. It shows London as the organising hub of the 20 Allied nations at war, with new life and growing strength arising amid the ruins of the Blitz. Londoners are seen serving in the Home Guard and the civilian defence, fire-watching, growing ...

Video

History of the English language

This is a film and accompanying case study about the origin and development of the English language, especially the great number of words it has borrowed from other languages. Beginning with the source Indo-European languages, the film traces the birth and growth of English through the invasions of Britain and subsequent ...

Video

Women in wartime, 1940

This is a film about British women's contributions to the war effort in the first year of World War II. It shows women serving in the military services, the Land Army, the nursing services, civil defence, and munitions and aircraft factories. The work of women in the Women's Voluntary Services is detailed as they are seen ...

Image

Enrolling in the Land Army, c1944

This is a posed black-and-white photograph, measuring 24.7 cm x 19 cm and taken around 1944 in Drouin, Victoria by Jim Fitzpatrick. It shows a formally dressed young woman seated in front of a desk labelled 'War Agricultural Committee'. A man, seated behind the desk, is handing her a book entitled 'Food front'. The furniture ...

Image

Sheet music cover for 'Australia draws her maiden sword', 1885

This is the damaged front cover of a three-page score for the song 'Australia Draws her Maiden Sword'. It depicts Australia as a maiden drawing her long sword and preparing for imminent conflict. Behind her, troops are shown marching out of their encampment. On the bottom of the cover in copperplate are the words 'WRITTEN ...

Image

Cartoon of an Australian wife kissing a US soldier, 1943

This cartoon shows a US soldier romancing the wife of an Australian soldier. A shocked Australian Army private in uniform is depicted peering from behind a curtain at his attractive wife in the arms of a suave-looking US staff sergeant, who is also in uniform. The private holds a photograph album and the uniform hats of ...

Online

Indigenous Stories about War and Invasion

This is a website about Indigenous experiences of invasion and war during the British invasion, World War I and World War II. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are eight story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and ...

Image

The German Club in Adelaide decorated for Hitler's birthday, 1939

This is a black-and-white photograph that shows the German Club in Adelaide decorated for a celebration of the 50th birthday of the German Fuhrer (leader) Adolf Hitler. The photograph, which was taken on 20 April 1939 just five months before the start of the Second World War, shows a flight of flower-adorned steps leading ...

Image

Concert room at Ballarat, 1855

This is a watercolour, measuring 22.8 cm x 31.9 cm, by Samuel Thomas Gill (1818-80), a famous colonial artist. It shows Charles Thatcher (1831-78), a comic singer well known on the gold fields, performing popular songs on stage at the Charlie Napier Hotel in Ballarat with a female accompanist. The painting has the artist's ...