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Humanities and social sciences / Year 3 / Knowledge and Understanding / Geography

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The main climate types of the world and the similarities and differences between the climates of different places (ACHASSK068)

Elaborations
  • examining how weather contributes to a climate type
  • identifying the hot, temperate and polar zones of the world and the difference between climate and weather
  • identifying and locating examples of the main climatic types in Australia and the world (for example, equatorial, tropical arid, semi-arid, temperate and Mediterranean)
  • investigating and comparing what it would be like to live in a place with a different climate to their own place
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Weather,  Climate,  Environmental influences,  Latitude

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Brr! A polar climate

This is a learning sequence that guides students to collect and analyse climate data to explore climate variations in different locations around the world including their own. The activity requires students to conduct a simple experiment and predict, then compare findings. Live links to web cams at the Australian stations ...

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Snow drifts and hikers at the Great Dividing Range, c1900

This is a full silver gelatin plate glass negative called 'Snow drifts, the Main Divide, Kosciusko' taken by the Australian photographic studio Kerry and Co, Sydney, at some time between 1884 and 1917. The negative shows snow on the slopes of the Great Dividing Range near the summit of Kosciuszko. A group of hikers in the ...

Video

Carbon dioxide and the oceans

This is a colour video clip describing how carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels are increasing global temperatures and causing acidification of the oceans. It features two New Zealand scientists, hydrologist Dr Dave Campbell of the University of Waikato, who talks about atmospheric water vapour, and ...

Video

What is a mass extinction?

Are we on the verge of a mass extinction event? This BTN explainer shows us what scientists mean by a mass extinction and looks at previous mass extinctions on planet earth. 

Online

Carbon clues

Carbon is all around us and available to us in many different forms, yet we can’t see it and often we don’t even know it’s there – using a detective story setting students sift through clues to build an understanding of carbon and the implications of its use. The unit includes PDF resources and video quiz challenges for ...

Interactive

Sites2See: Exploring energy for Primary

One page with links to websites with interactive resources, information and activities to support primary students investigating energy and the Climate Clever Energy Savers program.

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Surface currents in the Tasman Sea

This is a colour map of the region around the Tasman Sea showing the ocean currents that influence the climate of south-eastern Australia and New Zealand. Different colours are used to identify warm and cold currents.

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Gooniyandi seasons calendar

This is the Mingayooroo - Manyi Waranggiri Yarrangi, Gooniyandi seasons calendar developed by people of the Gooniyandi language group of the Kimberley in collaboration with CSIRO. The resource consists of an introduction, a richly illustrated calendar and related links. The introduction contains information about the people’s ...

Online

Location, location, location - teacher resource

This resource provides learning strategies and sequenced activities to develop geographical terminology and encourage the use of geographical tools as students describe and compare the natural and human characteristics of places. A collection of photographs is included in the resource as stimulus material. Part 1 examines ...

Image

Sled dogs at the South Pole, 1911

This is a 1911 black-and-white sepia-toned photograph, taken by Roald Amundsen (1872-1928) at the South Pole, of a dog team hitched to a loaded sled on the snow. A figure dressed in Arctic-style cold weather gear stands beside the sled and a Norwegian flag is stuck in the snow. Apart from three other dogs tethered behind ...

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Successful explorers at the South Pole, 1911

This is a mounted sepia photograph, measuring 7.6 cm x 12.6 cm, taken by Olar Bjaaland (1873-1961) at the South Pole on 14 December 1911. It shows his four companions paying tribute to the Norwegian flag flying from their tent. Written across the mount below the photograph is the caption, 'The successful explorers at the ...

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'Gold digging in Australia 1852: bad results'

This is the first of a pair of oval watercolours, measuring 20.2 cm x 26.4 cm, painted by Samuel Thomas Gill (1818-80), a famous colonial artist. It shows two gold miners sitting dejectedly beside their mine, probably on the Victorian gold fields. Behind the men is a windlass, as well as their wheelbarrow, pick and spade. ...

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Concert room at Ballarat, 1855

This is a watercolour, measuring 22.8 cm x 31.9 cm, by Samuel Thomas Gill (1818-80), a famous colonial artist. It shows Charles Thatcher (1831-78), a comic singer well known on the gold fields, performing popular songs on stage at the Charlie Napier Hotel in Ballarat with a female accompanist. The painting has the artist's ...

Interactive

Alien life form

Help an alien to understand how plants are adapted to life on Earth. Choose different combinations of leaves, seeds and roots. Design a plant that is best adapted to surviving in a particular environment. Adapt the plant for survival in specific environments: mangroves, cool rainforest, mountain slopes and arid land. ...

Interactive

Seasons

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine seasons in the different hemispheres. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine day length in the different hemispheres. Examine the heating effect of the Sun. Compare seasons ...

Interactive

Earth rotation: night and day

Watch an animation of the Earth rotating in space showing day and night, the equinox where locations on Earth experience close to equal hours of daytime and night-time (12 hours) and views of the Earth from above the North and South Poles. Turn an animated model of the Earth to explore how rotation is related to night and ...

Online

Seasons: daylight hours: assessment: teacher guide

Use this resource with 'Seasons: daylight hours: assessment ' (L8967). First, see a profile of that assessment object, which gives you some helpful background information. Then follow clear guidelines to the interpretation of student input. Read notes on anticipated student responses, and information on possible factors ...

Online

Seasons: Sun’s energy: assessment: teacher guide

Use this resource with 'Seasons: Sun’s energy: assessment' (L8968). First, see a profile of that assessment object, which gives you some helpful background information. Then follow clear guidelines to the interpretation of student input. Read notes on anticipated student responses, and information on possible factors causing ...

Online

Climate change and the environment - a unit of work

This unit of work for upper primary students encourages them to consider the effects of climate change on the environment, to take action to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and to educate others to do the same. An introductory exploration of the concept of climate change is followed by three further activities framed ...

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Ophir gold diggings in 1851 - asset 3

This is a hand-coloured lithograph made by Thomas Balcombe (1810-61), measuring 27 cm x 47.5 cm, and based on a sketch made on the spot by J Korff. It depicts gold diggings at the confluence of Summer Hill Creek and Lewis Ponds Creek at Ophir in New South Wales. A horseman is shown approaching miners standing near the creek, ...