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Geography / Year 9 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Biomes and food security

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Distribution and characteristics of biomes as regions with distinctive climates, soils, vegetation and productivity (ACHGK060)

Elaborations
  • identifying and describing the major aquatic and terrestrial biomes of Australia and the world, and their spatial distribution
  • examining the influence of climate on biomass production (as measured by net primary productivity) in different biomes
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Climate,  Environmental influences,  Vegetation,  Biomass (Ecosystems)

Video

Patterns of El Nino and La Nina

Australia's rainfall is best described as 'unreliable'. Long periods of drought can quickly give way to extensive floods. This clip uses animations to help you understand how the El Nino and La Nina phenomena contribute to Australia's climate patterns.

Video

Down on the mussel farm in Tasmania

Australia's largest and deepest mussel farm is located in the pristine waters on Tasmania's east coast. Watch this clip to find out about blue-lipped mussels growing in Spring Bay Seafoods' 1,700 hectare farm and the aquatic environment that supports them. This is a farm quite unlike most farms you may be familiar with.

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Cotton on to why the Aral Sea is disappearing

The Aral Sea began to disappear after rivers were diverted to provide water for cotton irrigation schemes in Central Asia. In this clip you will learn why past governments made significant environmental modifications in this region.

Video

Oceans are the great providers

Did you know that the world's oceans provide the oxygen for every second breath you take? While oceans represent the largest habitat on Earth, they remain relatively unexplored. What is clear is that the oceans play a major role in shaping life on this planet. Watch this clip and prepare to be amazed!

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Veggies in the desert - I'd like to see that!

There's a huge greenhouse in Flinders Ranges desert country that uses solar energy and water from the sea to grow a wide range of fruit and vegetables. Watch this clip to find out about this world-first food production system. It may just be the future of farming edible crops around the world.

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Wheat: from the UK with love

Not since colonial times has Australia imported wheat from the United Kingdom. Watch this clip to find out why Australia turned to Britain and the USA in 2002 for supplies of grain that are traditionally grown in abundance on home soil.

Video

Coral reefs fading fast

Coral reefs represent a unique partnership between two separate organisms. It's an amazing symbiosis that has thrived for millions of years. But right now, the effects of climate change threaten the reefs on a global scale due to coral bleaching. Find out what causes this phenomenon and the significance of carbon dioxide ...

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Make no bones about ocean acidification

Extra carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is posing a real problem for the world's oceans. It's leading to ocean acidification and coral reefs are the big losers. See how acidification of the water leads to less calcium carbonate, a vital ingredient corals use to build their skeleton. Watch this clip to find out more.

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Ocean change affects symbiotic relationship

Polyps are the miniature architects of coral reefs. Find out about the relationship between polyps and an alga, Zooxanthellae. How does each benefit and what causes the coral to eject the Zooxanthellae with often devastating results? View the clip to find out.

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Reef of life

This clip argues that every day the wellbeing of millions of people is dependent on the existence of healthy coral reefs. Through a stunning series of underwater videos and photographs find out more about current threats to coral reefs and how individual's actions on land can make a difference to the overall health of the ...

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Manta rays indicate health of coral reefs

Coral reefs are the second most endangered species on the planet. Meet a group of researchers who are tracking individual manta rays to help them assess the health of Australia's reef ecosystem. Find out how the manta ray can be used as a bioindicator for the health of the reef. See how scientists identify individual manta ...

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Forest learning: forest types

This resource is a ten-page pdf produced by Forest and Wood Products Australia providing basic information on the differences between plantation and natural forests. It also includes sections on: native forests; plantations; foresters; forest types; and forest structure. The resource includes: an outline of a class activity ...

Video

Surviving the extremes

What would you do if a natural disaster was heading for you? Would you panic? Dr Jonica Newby and the Catalyst team stage two disaster scenarios and throw them at two Australian families who know only that a disaster of some kind is coming. How will they cope? And how would you?

Online

ABS: agricultural resource management practices, Australia, 2011-12

This is a digital resource containing data on various agricultural practices used on Australian farms, and was collected in a 2011-2012 Australian Bureau of Statistics survey. This resource provides information about farming practices including pasture and crop cultivation, livestock and feral animal management, fertiliser ...

Interactive

Save our catchment – virtual excursion

This virtual excursion offers twelve video lessons that form a sample investigation of pest species invading Australian riparian zones. Filmed on Bundjalung Country, the excursion traverses mid north coast NSW Upper Clarence River Catchment, connecting each video to companion classroom and field learning tasks. The invasive, ...

Video

Timor-Leste: feeding the hungry

It is often hard for a developing country to grow enough food to feed its population. In this clip you'll see the challenges encountered by the growing nation of Timor-Leste (East Timor). Listen to an AusAID organiser and the East Timorese president describe the importance of food, and the heartbreak of a hungry nation.

Video

Melting permafrost: a sign of climate change?

Until recently, evidence led scientists to think that Arctic permafrost was melting at a much slower rate than is the case now. During climate change talks, a stark warning was sounded that permafrost thawing could push the Earth's climate past a tipping point. In this clip, find out a bit more about permafrost melting ...

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Food 4 Thought: Geography

This is a series of student activities about world food production and the challenges to global food security. The activities are organised in five lessons that focus on the facts of world food production, the role of world biomes in producing food; the challenge of climate change; the effect of competition for land and ...

Video

Bali and Sumba - paradise versus poverty

We all know the idyllic paradise called Bali, but have you ever heard of its poorer neighbour, the Indonesian island of Sumba, where the people struggle to grow food to eat? Watch this clip to learn about environmental conditions and agricultural challenges there. Find out also what people in Sumba are doing to prepare ...

Video

Researching produce in the local region: producer video

This is a video about the food produce of the Limestone Coast region of South Australia. Presented by Hilary Ellis, Food Ambassador for the region, it shows food being produced and then sold in farmers' markets as she describes how the characteristics of various regions affect what is grown and produced there. She details ...