Arabic / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Understand and use aspects of key grammatical forms and structures in spoken and written texts, such as articles, nouns, adjectives, personal pronouns, verbs and verb tenses, conjunctions, adverbs, statements, negation and questions, and use vocabulary that relates to familiar environments and activities

[Key concepts: grammar, syntactic relationship; Key processes: understanding, applying, comparing]


  • learning frequently used words related to the home and school environment, for example,

    بيت؛ عائلة؛ أب؛ أم؛ إخوة؛ معلمة؛ مدرسة؛ حصّة؛ صف؛ كتاب؛ دراسة؛ فرصة؛ وقت فراغ؛ ايام الأسبوع

  • understanding the effect of word order in phrases and sentences, for example,

    الجملة الفعلية: كتب الولد القصة؛ جاءت البنت إلى المدرسة؛ يعمل أبي في المطار

  • recognising the different parts of speech and categorising words into groups, for example, الاسم؛ الفعل ؛ الصّفة؛ الحرف
  • recognising definite and indefinite articles with nouns and knowing that nouns have a gender, for example, تلميذ/التلميذ؛ مُعلّمة العلوم؛ المعلمة
  • understanding that adjectives have a gender and that they follow the noun and its gender, for example, الأب حنون؛ الأم جميلة؛ الكرسي كبير؛ الطاولة صغيرة
  • describing aspects of own daily activities, using simple present tense verbs, for example, أستيقظ في الصباح؛ اتناول الفطور؛ أستقلّ الباص؛ أدخل الصف؛ أكمل الواجب؛ ألبس ثيابي
  • understanding and using simple verbs to express likes and dislikes, for example, أحب طعام أمي؛ لا أحب الأكل السريع؛ أحب الرياضة ولا أحب الرسم
  • using demonstrative pronouns to identify people, objects or animals, for example, هذا كتاب؛ هذه مسطرة
  • using singular possessive pronouns, for example, بيتي؛ سريري؛ معلمتي؛ غرفتكَ؛ كتابكِ؛ حقيبتها؛ دفتره
  • using singular personal pronouns, both masculine and feminine, with appropriate simple present tense verbs to describe aspects of home or school life, for example, تحبّ أمي العمل؛ هي نشيطة؛ يحب أبي الطبخ؛ هو ماهر
  • understanding and responding to basic familiar instructions using imperatives, for example, إفتح الباب؛ أجلس في مكانك؛ لا تتكلم دون إذن؛ نظّف غرفتك؛ اكمل عملك
  • exploring the use of simple conjunctions such as و؛ أو؛ أيضا؛ كذلك
  • using adverbs of place and time to expand expression, for example,

    باكراً؛ صباحاً؛ بعيداً ؛ قريباً؛ شرقاً؛ غرباً

  • understanding and using singular nouns and regular plural noun endings in masculine and feminine forms, for example, معلم/معلمون؛ معلمة/معلمات؛
  • expressing negation in simple sentences, for example, لا أحب السفر؛ ليس لدي إخوة
  • using a range of adjectives in singular form to describe appearance, feelings and personalities, for example,

    أمي طويلة وأبي وسيم؛ صديقي سعيد ومعلمتي حزينة؛ أخي ظريف وأختي مزعجة

  • using past tense verbs to recount events related to home and school contexts, for example,

    قدمت فرضي للمعلمة؛ تأخرت عن الدرس؛ نمت متأخرا؛ نسيت كتبي في البيت

  • understanding and using simple question words in their interactions with peers, for example,

    متى أتيت إلى البيت؟ من أعدّ لك الفطور؟ ماذا احضرتِ للغداء؟ كيف أتيت إلى المدرسة؟

  • developing knowledge of cardinal and ordinal numbers to describe time and date, for example, (آذار) الساعة الواحدة ظهراً؛ اليوم السادس من إبريل (نيسان)/اليوم أربعة مارس
  • applying rules of present tense verb conjugation when speaking to peers and the teacher, for example,

    أنتَ تدرس كثيرا؛ أنتِ تلعبين مع غيري؛ أنتم تلاميذ مجتهدون

  • building metalanguage to describe grammatical concepts and develop learning resources, for example, verb charts, vocabulary lists, and groups of pronouns, adverbs or adjectives
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Words,  Arabic language,  Grammatical particles

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