French / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Notice and apply elements of French grammar such as word order, gender and singular/plural forms, adverbs, pronouns and prepositions in simple spoken and written texts

[Key concepts: sentence, gender, number; Key processes: recognising, applying, naming]


  • developing a metalanguage in French for talking about language, using terms similar to those used in English, such as le verbe, l’adjectif, l’adverbe, la conjonction and le vocabulaire
  • observing the relationship between subject pronouns and verb endings, using je/tu/il/elle + present tense of verbs associated with familiar actions and environments, for example, il chante bien, je suis fatigué, tu aimes le yaourt, elle est en classe
  • expressing negation in simple sentence structures and colloquial expressions, for example, je ne sais pas; elle ne mange pas; tu ne viens pas? Pas du tout!
  • understanding the difference between definite and indefinite articles, and how to refer to a specific or unspecific person, place or object, for example, tu manges la pomme, j’achète un livre, une vȃche énorme, le climat français
  • understanding the function of verb moods, recognising and knowing how to use statements, simple questions and imperatives, for example, Tu peux commencer; je peux commencer? Commence!
  • using an increasing range of adjectives (for example, bizarre, magnifique, formidable), including additional gender forms, for example, blanc/blanche, gros/grosse
  • using some adverbs to elaborate on simple verb statements, for example, elle mange lentement, je chante doucement, il parle très vite
  • using additional prepositions to indicate direction or location, for example, à gauche, à droite, à côté de
  • strengthening vocabulary knowledge by making connections with known words (for example, triste, la tristesse; le marché, le supermarché, le marchand), recognising word patterns and building word clusters, for example, number knowledge to 60+, words associated with food, family members or sports
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Adverbs,  Pronouns,  Prepositions,  Plurals,  Gender (Grammar),  French language,  Syntax

Refine by resource type

Refine by year level

Refine by learning area

Refine by topic

Related topic

Best friends

This collection of interactive and printable resources introduces ways of describing best friends and using time adverbs such as soon, later, today, tonight and tomorrow to say when people are arriving. It focuses on using the expressions 'il mio migliore amico' or 'la mia migliore amica' and developing their use in simple ...


Visting family: near and far

This collection of interactive and printable resources introduces ways of saying who you are going to visit, and whether places are far or near, with emphasis on core expressions such as 'chi vai a trovare?' and 'vado a trovare ...' It builds on learners' pronunciation skills with drills based on simple exchanges and provides ...


Ordinal numbers 1st-10th

This collection of digital and printable resources introduces the ordinal numbers first to tenth. It provides drills for pronunciation and written reproduction, with a focus on differentiating the use of feminine and masculine nouns. Translations, solutions and vocabulary flashcards are also provided. This is section 10 ...