Framework for Aboriginal Languages and Torres Strait Islander Languages / Foundation to Year 2 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise the function of different word types and understand basic elements of language structures

[Key concepts: word function, word order, patterns, rules; Key processes: identifying, recognising, noticing]


  • understanding that words in the language have different functions, for example, words for things, words for actions, and that these functions are also found in other languages, such as English
  • identifying people, places, things and events using:
    • nouns, for example, family, kinship, plants/ animals, items in immediate natural and built environments
    • pronouns, for example, personal, interrogative, kinship, demonstrative
    • verbs for simple actions, states and processes
    • terms to qualify, quantify, classify or compare things, for example, size, colour, number
    • adverbs, for example, of location, time and manner
    • simple forms of negation
  • noticing that some words used in English may be left out in the language(ellipsis), or must be included or repeated in phrases and sentences, for example, ’(it) went’, ’big (dog) ate (it)’
  • becoming aware of how word order may differ from English, for example, noun + qualifier vs qualifier + noun, ’child happy’ vs ’happy child’
  • recognising the use of common affixes on nouns, for example, the man’s dog’’, to the river’’, in the sea’’
  • learning the use of common affixes on verbs, for example, to indicate tense or mood
  • understanding and using metalanguage to describe word types, for example, noun, pronoun, verb
  • understanding that some parts of the language may have fallen into disuse and not be known today
  • noticing that new words can be formed from within the language itself, rather than borrowed from other languages
  • noticing that compared to English some words may be left out (ellipsis), or must be included or repeated in phrases and sentences, for example, “(it) went”, “big (dog) ate (it)”
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Australian languages

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