German / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Understand and apply in complex sentences a range of vocabulary and grammatical structures, including future tense, imperative mood and some relative pronouns, for the purposes of interaction, narration, description, persuasion, argument and exposition

[Key concepts: syntax, mood, modality, grammar patterns; Key processes: classifying, applying, experimenting, manipulating]


  • specifying and describing people, places and objects by applying knowledge of the case system to articles, common demonstratives, and possessives followed by adjectives, for example, Jedes deutsche Kind isst gern Kartoffelpuffer.; Ich habe mit meinem neuen Computer große Probleme.
  • recognising instances of the genitive case mainly in written texts, for example, Omas Leben, die Rolle der Frau, der Gebrauch des Genitivs, understanding its function to indicate possession and using the more common ‘von + dative case + noun’ as an alternative, for example, das Haus von meinen Eltern/das Haus meiner Eltern
  • noticing that relative pronouns have gender and case and are usually the same as definite articles, and understanding the difference in function, for example, Der Mann, der am Tisch sitzt, ist Koch.; Das ist der Beruf, den ich am interessantesten finde.
  • understanding and using the appropriate tense (present, present perfect, simple past, future) with a range of regular and irregular verbs, including:
    • common reflexive verbs, including some with dative reflexive pronoun and noun direct object, for example, Ich wasche mir die Hände.
    • transitive and intransitive verbs
    • modal verbs
    • verbs with separable and inseparable prefixes
  • describing plans and aspirations using werden and a single infinitive, for example, In der Zukunft werde ich mehr Sport treiben.
  • using the different imperative forms of verbs for peers and adults, for example, SpielSpielt/Spielen Sie mit! Sei/Seid/Seien Sie willkommen!
  • indicating contradiction using doch
  • connecting and contrasting ideas, events and actions using a variety of conjunctions and cohesive devices, including embedded clauses such as relative clauses, and noticing the word order, for example, Um Geld zu haben, muss man einen Job finden.; Entweder werde ich Klempner oder Elektriker. Der Film, den du sehen willst, läuft jetzt im Kino
  • understanding the difference between interrogatives which incorporate a preposition and refer to people and those which refer to objects, for example, Mit wem gehst du zur Party?; Worüber schreibst du deinen Englischaufsatz?
  • noticing and experimenting with compound forms such as common da- and wo(r)- constructions, for example, Was machst du damit? Woran erinnerst du dich?
  • understanding and using the accusative, dative and ‘two-way’ prepositions accurately with regard to case and meaning, including a limited range of common idiomatic prepositional phrases, for example, Meine Eltern sind mit 21 aus Deutschland ausgewandert. Sie denkt oft an ihre Kindheit
  • modifying meaning through the use of adverbs and adverbial phrases, for example, Das haben sie schon gemacht. Lauft so schnell wie möglich zum Supermarkt!
  • using a range of expressions for indefinite quantities, for example, einige, manche, mehrere
  • understanding and using formulaically common subjunctive forms (Konjunktiv II) such as hätte and wäre and würde + infinitive, for example, Wenn ich reich wäre, würde ich ein schnelles Auto kaufen. Er tut so, als ob er keine Zeit hätte
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Tense (Grammar),  Complex sentences,  Linguistic modality,  Imperative mood,  German language,  Relative pronouns

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