Hindi / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise and apply elements of grammar, such as noun and adjectival forms, conjunctions, gender and number markers, verb tenses and compound forms, and constructions related to compulsion

[Key concepts: grammar, tense, gender, number; Key processes: recognising, applying, naming]


  • describing objects using concrete nouns related to home, school and local environments, for example, forms of transport मोटरकार, रेलगाड़ी, food items चावल, रोटी, दाल and classroom objects कुर्सी, मेज़, पेंसिल
  • describing quantity using cardinal numbers, such as पाँच रोटियाँ, दस गिलास
  • using appropriate forms of tenses, for example, गया था, जाऊँगा, जा रहा हूँ, खाया था, खा रहा हूँ, खाऊँगा
  • using adjectives to describe characteristics or qualities of a person or object, such as nationality, shape and colour, and noticing that they change with gender and number, for example, छोटा लड़का, छोटी लड़की, छोटे लड़के
  • using possessive adjectives to express ownership, for example, मेरी पुस्तक, तुम्हारा बस्ता
  • creating simple sentence structures such as मैं पढ़ता हूँ।
  • using pronouns for places and objects, for example, यहाँ, वहाँ, यह, वह
  • recognising that punctuation in English is the same as in Hindi apart from the use of capital letters and a different symbol for a full stop
  • using conjunctions to link elements of sentences or phrases, for example, और, या, लेकिन
  • constructing questions to seek information, for example, क्यों? कैसे?
  • identifying regular forms of gender and number
  • understanding how actions completed at a particular time in the past are described using perfective tenses and how ने is used as the agent marker for transitive verb actions in these tenses
  • showing how actions are performed by using compound verb forms such as in मैंने काम ख़त्म कर दिया, दुकान बंद हो गई।
  • understanding the distinctions in levels of compulsion implied in statements like मुझे जाना चाहिए। मुझे जाना है। मुझे जाना पड़ता है।
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Hindi language

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