Hindi / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Understand the relationship between the sounds of spoken Hindi and elements of the Devanagari script, such as the writing of conjunct characters and the combinations of consonants and matras

[Key concepts: pronunciation, intonation, writing conventions; Key processes: listening, distinguishing, recognising]


  • building phonic awareness by recognising and experimenting with sounds and focusing on those that are new and initially difficult, for example, त, थ, ग, घ, ट, द, ध।
  • learning how the Hindi sound system is conventionally represented in the Devanagari sound system by the use of 13 letters classified as vowels (अ-अः) and 33 consonants (क-ह and ड़-ढ़)
  • recognising that a line on the top joins letters to make words in addition to leaving spaces between words बस, घर। अब घर चल।
  • recognising the matra form of vowels, such as ि, ी, and distinguishing long and short vowel sounds such as ि, ी
  • identifying and practising pronunciation of vowel sounds in conjunction with consonants कइ/कि, कई/की
  • understanding the formation of conjunct consonants such as क्ष, त्र, ज्ञ
  • imitating discrimination of unaspirated and aspirated sounds such as क-ख, द-ध।
  • understanding that Hindi vowels can be pronounced with a nasal quality added to them which is represented by either a (चँद्रबिंदु) or (बिंदु) above the headstroke, for example, हाँ, मैं
  • learning how the under-dotted characters क़, ख़, ग़, ज़, फ़ are used to represent loan sounds in Hindi from other languages such as English, Persian, Arabic, Turkish and Portuguese
  • understanding conventions by which new loan words are written in Hindi, for example, the way in which English ‘t’ and ‘d’ sounds are represented normally as ट and ड, the replacement of English ‘th’ sounds by थ and the ways in which English vowels such as short ‘a’ sounds are replaced by Hindi vowel sounds such as in डॉलर versus डालर
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Hindi language

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