Indonesian / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Role of language and culture

Curriculum content descriptions

Make connections between cultural practices and language use, such as specific vocabulary and expressions

[Key concept: diversity; Key processes: comparing, connecting]


  • noticing how gestures differ between cultures, for example, Indonesian people beckon with palm down and moving all fingers
  • understanding that meanings of facial expressions can vary across cultures and that the same expression can convey various emotions, for example, in Indonesia smiling may also reflect confusion, shyness, nervousness, embarrassment or offence
  • showing awareness that language carries cultural ideas, for example, upacara compared to ‘assembly’; padi/beras/nasi compared to ‘cooked/uncooked rice’; and kaki lima, becak, and warung and congklak, which have no equivalent in English
  • recognising character traits and values in Indonesian stories, for example, animal heroes in fables are native animals in Indonesia, Si Kancil and Harimau, and comparing these to familiar Australian stories
  • analysing which aspects of own language use might seem ‘strange’ from an Indonesian perspective and why, for example, practices such as barbecuing and Australian Rules football, and names for native animals, currency and foods
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
ScOT terms

Idioms,  Gestures,  Indonesian language

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