Indonesian / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Develop understanding of textual conventions and how they shape meaning and influence responses

[Key concepts: power, influence, emotion; Key processes: analysing, evaluating]


  • analysing how texts are constructed, including cohesive devices such as conjunctions and coherence devices such as time markers
  • examining language structures and features used in a range of texts for communicative effect, for example, to persuade, amuse, ridicule, sympathise, challenge, include or exclude, offend or forgive
  • using literary devices to enhance ideas and expression in imaginative texts, for example, metaphor (adalah) and simile (sama dengan, seperti, bagai)
  • analysing and comparing textual features across cultures, for example, the convention of apologising at the opening and closing of formal Indonesian speeches, and showing humility in an Indonesian job application
  • understanding the prevalence of acronyms (for example, ultah, penjaskes, narkoba), and their use for convenience
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Text purpose,  Indonesian language

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