Japanese / Foundation to Year 2 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise and copy some hiragana and a few high-frequency kanji

[Key concepts: script, kana, kanji, phonemic awareness, meaning; Key processes: recognising, tracing, copying]


  • understanding that the Japanese language uses three different scripts depending on word origins and the context of language use
  • understanding that one kana represents a basic unit of Japanese sound
  • understanding that each individual kanji represents meaning as well as sounds, for example, ()()(にち), whereas one kana or one letter of the English alphabet does not represent individual meaning
  • recognising some kanji, for example, numbers and 象形文字(しょうけいもじ) (pictographs) such as (やま)(かわ)(くち)()(うえ)
  • recognising the 46 basic hiragana, using supports such as mnemonic clues
  • tracing and copying kanji and kana
  • tracing and copying their own name in katakana or hiragana
  • identifying known hiragana within a word and using that to predict the meaning
  • noticing that Japanese can be written vertically or horizontally
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Sight words,  Japanese language,  Hiragana

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