Japanese / Foundation to Year 2 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Understand the structure of basic sentences in Japanese and recognise some key elements of Japanese grammar

[Key concepts: grammar, vocabulary, syntax; Key processes: recognising, describing, indicating]


  • knowing common forms of greetings, for example, おはようございます、おはよう, and noticing the different levels of formality
  • identifying gender-specific pronouns わたし and ぼく
  • understanding the use of common suffixes such as さん or くん or titles such as せんせい to address and refer to other people, for example, Luke くん and White せんせい
  • understanding basic word order in simple sentences, for example, noun が すき です。りんご が すき です。, adjective + noun です。 おおきい いぬ です。
  • understanding how to specify items using the possessive particle , for example, わたし  の  かぞく、 Sarah さん の ほん、おばあさん  の いえ
  • referring to numbers of things using cardinal numbers 0–100: (いち)()(さん)(ひゃく)
  • learning to describe the colour あお です。size おおきい です。 and shape まる です。of things
  • understanding different question words such as だれ、なに、どこ and the sentence-ending particle
  • recognising and responding to a request using verb  ください, for example, きいて ください。and すわって ください。
  • indicating affirmative and negative responses using はい and いいえ
  • using some culturally specific parallel phrases related to giving and receiving, for example, どうぞ and ありがとう
  • learning to use common onomatopoeia such as ぺこぺこ and わんわん
  • building vocabulary to describe and label familiar and immediate objects and environments
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Grammar,  Japanese language

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