Japanese / Year 5 and 6 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Engage with authentic spoken language, recognising how words blend and understanding the relationship between sounds, words and meaning

[Key concepts: phonemic awareness, spelling, rhythm; Key processes: identifying, discriminating, pronouncing, spelling]


  • knowing how to pronounce all the sounds in the kana chart, including voiced and unvoiced sounds (てんてん and まる), combined and long vowel sounds and double consonants, for example, きって and りょうり
  • understanding that the sounds of hiragana and katakana are identical even though the associated scripts are different
  • knowing that the hiragana spelling of a particular particle does not match its pronunciation, for example, ‘wa’ for , ‘e’ for , ‘o/wo’ for
  • noticing that certain combinations of two moras make one rhythm unit (foot), for example, the copula です and the verb suffix ます
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Phonemes,  Spelling,  Pronunciation,  Japanese language

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