Close message Scootle will be undergoing maintenance between 17:00 to 19:00 on 25 September 2023. You may experience intermittent connection during this time. We apologize for any inconvenience caused.

Japanese / Year 5 and 6 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise the systematic nature of Japanese grammatical rules and apply these to generate new language for a range of purposes

[Key concepts: metalanguage, grammar, counters; Key processes: identifying, explaining, discriminating, applying]


  • expanding metalanguage for communicating about language, using additional terms such as ‘pronoun’ and ‘conjunction’
  • understanding and identifying elements of different sentence structures and the use of particles such as へ、で
  • understanding the use of ~が あります/います。to refer to inanimate/animate objects
  • describing locations of homes, people, animals and items, using basic structures, for example, noun  place に  あります。 noun  place に います。
  • knowing how to use prepositions to describe the position of objects, for example, つくえ の 上 に, いす の 下  に
  • understanding the use of こそあど series in concrete contexts, for example, これ、それ、あれ、どれ
  • using the verb form as a formulaic expression, such as when giving instructions or seeking permission, for example, 見て ください。トイレ に いっても いい です か。
  • knowing how to use common counters and classifiers such as ~こ、~ひき/ びき/ ぴき、~えん
  • understanding Japanese numerical place order: 一、十、(ひゃく)(せん)(まん)
  • understanding location words and expressions indicating direction or means of transportation, for example, くるま で がっこう に いきます。
  • understanding different question words such as いくら、どれ
  • using conjunctions such as そして、それから to link ideas
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Metalanguage,  Sentences (Grammar),  Morphemes,  Grammatical particles,  Japanese language

Search results

Refine by topic

Related topic
Unfortunately there are no resources matching your search criteria. Try broadening your search criteria or enter a different word or phrase.