Japanese / Year 5 and 6 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise the systematic nature of Japanese grammatical rules and apply these to generate new language for a range of purposes

[Key concepts: metalanguage, grammar, counters; Key processes: identifying, explaining, discriminating, applying]


  • expanding metalanguage for communicating about language, using additional terms such as ‘pronoun’ and ‘conjunction’
  • understanding and identifying elements of different sentence structures and the use of particles such as へ、で
  • understanding the use of ~が あります/います。to refer to inanimate/animate objects
  • describing locations of homes, people, animals and items, using basic structures, for example, noun  place に  あります。 noun  place に います。
  • knowing how to use prepositions to describe the position of objects, for example, つくえ の 上 に, いす の 下  に
  • understanding the use of こそあど series in concrete contexts, for example, これ、それ、あれ、どれ
  • using the verb form as a formulaic expression, such as when giving instructions or seeking permission, for example, 見て ください。トイレ に いっても いい です か。
  • knowing how to use common counters and classifiers such as ~こ、~ひき/ びき/ ぴき、~えん
  • understanding Japanese numerical place order: 一、十、(ひゃく)(せん)(まん)
  • understanding location words and expressions indicating direction or means of transportation, for example, くるま で がっこう に いきます。
  • understanding different question words such as いくら、どれ
  • using conjunctions such as そして、それから to link ideas
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Metalanguage,  Sentences (Grammar),  Morphemes,  Grammatical particles,  Japanese language

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