Japanese / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Role of language and culture

Curriculum content descriptions

Understand that the Japanese language carries embedded cultural information and assumptions that can be difficult for speakers of other languages to interpret

[Key concepts: intercultural exchange, meaning, reciprocity, values; Key processes: analysing, questioning, discussing]


  • providing examples of exchanges in Japanese that require cultural as well as literal interpretation, such as responses that deflect personal considerations (for example, replying positively to the enquiry 元気(げんき)ですか), or strategies to preserve values of humility and honour
  • discussing how the cultural value of (うち)/(そと) is expressed through language, such as the use of prefixes and suffixes when referring to people outside the immediate ‘group’, the choice of informal or formal register, and decisions about what to share/not share in general conversation
  • exploring cultural concepts embedded in Japanese language which embody important core values and behaviours and for which there is no direct English translation, for example, えんりょ and ()
  • discussing their own and others’ attitudes towards cultural diversity and difference, including the use of stereotypes and generalisations, and considering how these affect communication
  • considering how contemporary expressions of individuality exemplified in some forms of contemporary Japanese youth culture relate to traditional concepts of conformity and collective identity
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Culture,  Japanese language

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