Korean / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Understand and use aspects of the Korean grammatical system to form simple sentence structures, and identify featuresthat are either specific to Korean or similar to English

[Key concepts: grammatical rules, grammatical terminology,forms, functions, syntactic relationship, honorifics; Key processes: understanding, applying, comparing,explaining]


  • referring to self and things using first person pronouns (저, 제, 나, 내, 우리) ordemonstrative pronouns (이것, 저것, 그것)
  • using basic particles to mark case and other basic functions of nouns in asentence, for example, –이/가, –을/를, –은/는, –에, –에서, –하고
  • using basic verbsincluding copula (–이에요/예요) to describe state/quality or action in present or past tenses with the informal polite-styleending –어/아요 (for example, 좋아요, 예뻐요, 재미있어요/재미있었어요, 먹어요/먹었어요, 가요/갔어요), including some set phrases with auxiliary verbssuch as –고 싶어요, –(으)ㄹ 수 있어요 and –고 있어요, for example, 수영할 수 있어요
  • understanding that descriptive verbs in Korean grammar havefunctions similar to adjectives in English (describing qualities or states and modifying nouns) but that they alsobehave like verbs in a sentence (conjugating and being used as the main verb)
  • using question words to makequestions, for example, 누구, 무엇, 언제, 어디, 어떻게, 왜, 몇, 무슨, 어느
  • using some honorific words and suffixes (for example, 드세요, 선생님, 일어나세요) and humble words (저/제) as partof formulaic expressions
  • using simple sentence structures in the subject–object–verb order to make statements orask questions
  • producing a sentence without a subject/object, which can be retrieved or inferred from context,for example, 지금 뭐 해요? 공부해요
  • using simple negation, placing or before a verb (for example, 안 가요, 못 해요) and replacing copula (–예요/이에요) withits negative form (–이/가 아니에요)
  • comparing word order in Koreanand English, such as the verb-final rule and how to count objects, for example, 사과 한 개 versus ‘one apple’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Grammar,  Korean language

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