Korean / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Extend grammatical knowledge of Korean language, including the range of forms and functions of particles, suffixes,verb endings and irregular verb forms

[Key concepts: grammatical structures, modality, irregularity; Key processes:analysing, classifying, applying, explaining]


  • modifying nouns using an adjectival form of a descriptive verb suffixed by –(으)ㄴ, for example, 예쁜 꽃, 맑은 물
  • using particles such as –한테/에게, –한테서/에게서, –(으)로 (instrumental and directional), –보다, –와/과, –만, –도,–부터 and –까지, including honorific case markers –께, –께서, –께서는
  • recognising the meaningful parts of a verb, for example, 먹+어요
  • expressing ideas or events relating to the future, suggestions, plans and hopes using forms such as–(으)ㄹ 거예요 and –(으)ㄹ까요?
  • learning how to ask and answer negativequestions, for example, 숙제를 안 했어요? 아니요, 했어요 / 네, 안 했어요)
  • connecting clauses using basic conjunctivesuffixes (clausal connectives) –어/아서, –고, –(으)면, –지만
  • using basic complex-verb structures such as –어/아 주다, –어/아 보다, –지 말다with an –어/아요ending to express provision, trial and prohibition (읽어 주세요, 입어 보세요, 쓰지 마세요)
  • expressing time using structures such as: a noun + 때/동안; a noun +전/후에, for example, 방학 때; 일 년 동안; 한 달 전/후에
  • using somebasic irregular verbs, such as 들어요 (듣다), 불러요 (부르다), 더워요 (덥다), 추워요 (춥다), 아름다워요 (아름답다)
  • expressing relativelocation using a structure: a noun + a location word + , for example, 식탁 위에 상자가 있어요
  • expanding metalinguisticknowledge by receptive use of:
    • intimate copula verb ending (a noun + (이)야)
    • expressions of intentions andlikelihood: –겠어요, –(으)ㄹ 것 같아요
    • conjunctors connecting clauses (–(으)니까, –(으)러)
    • complex structures such as–어/아야 하다, –어/아도 되다, with the informal polite ending –아/어요 (가야 해요, 먹어도 돼요), recognising that they are in the samestructure as –어/아 주다, –어/아 보다 and –지 말다 (verb stem + suffix + auxiliary verb) and that the auxiliary verbs add meaningssuch as obligation, permission and attempt
    • complex structures connecting verbs with various functions (to beintroduced as a set phrase, for example, –기 때문에, –기 위해(서)
    • levels of politeness in speech, for example, formalpolite, informal polite, intimate, for example, 해, 해요, 합니다
    • honorific suffix –시–, for example, 하십니다,가르치십니다
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Conjugation (Grammar),  Suffixes,  Grammatical particles,  Irregular verbs,  Korean language

Search results

Refine by topic

Related topic
Unfortunately there are no resources matching your search criteria. Try broadening your search criteria or enter a different word or phrase.