Spanish / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Systems of language

Curriculum content descriptions

Notice and apply elements of Spanish grammar such as gender, singular/plural forms, adjectives, adverbs, verb forms, pronouns and prepositions in simple spoken, written and digital texts

[Key concepts: grammatical rules, patterns of language, gender; Key processes: recognising, applying]


  • specifying location or direction using prepositions such as en, encima, debajo, a la izquierda and a la derecha, for example, La regla está en el estuche
  • using imperatives to tell others to do something, for example, date prisa, colorea el dibujo
  • using question words to seek information, for example, ¿Cómo te llamas? ¿Dónde está tu casa? ¿Cuántos hermanos tienes? ¿Quién es tu mejor amigo?
  • using a range of adjectives to describe appearance and to express feelings or personality, for example, extraño, fantástico, estupendo, serio, responsable, inteligente
  • linking ideas using conjunctions such as y, o and pero
  • noticing the use of personal pronouns, for example, yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros/as, vosotros/as, ellos/as
  • using possessive adjectives in singular and plural forms, for example, nuestra clase, vuestra escuela, tu abuela, mis amigos, tus compañeros
  • using cardinal numbers to describe quantity, to tell the time and for dates and ages, for example, tengo cinco amigas, Son las tres en punto, Hoy es veintiuno de agosto, Tengo nueve años
  • using common verbs in familiar contexts, for example, ser and estar, dormir, estudiar and cantar
  • identifying and applying the use of singular, plural and gender forms in simple sentences, for example, la motocicleta es negra, los bolsos son verdes
  • using words and expressions to locate events in time (hoy, ayer, mañana), to describe weather (Hoy hace calor) and to name days of the week (Mañana es lunes)
  • using suffixes such as –ísimo/a- and –ito/a to modify the meaning of nouns, adjectives and adverbs, for example, lentísimo; graciosísimos; casita; gatito
  • building metalanguage to talk about grammar and vocabulary (singular, plural, masculino, femenino, artículo, adjetivo, sinónimo…) and comparing with equivalent terms in English
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Spanish language

Search results

Refine by topic

Related topic
Unfortunately there are no resources matching your search criteria. Try broadening your search criteria or enter a different word or phrase.