Turkish / Year 5 and 6 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise and apply grammatical features of spoken and written language, such as verbal conjugations and nominal declensions and modifications, negative and interrogative sentence structures and subject–verb agreements

[Key concepts: word order, conjugation, marker, word endings; Key processes: discriminating, classifying, applying rules]


  • recognising and using verb conjugations for example, ‘oku-mak’: oku-r-um, oku-r-sun, oku-r oku-r-uz, oku-r-sunuz, oku-r-lar; And oku-yor-um, oku-yor-sun, oku-yor, oku-yor-uz, oku-yor-sunuz, oku-yor-lar
  • recognising and using nominal conjugations through adjective- and noun-making suffixes such as (-lı, -li, -lu, -lü) as in kar-lı, kir-li, toz-lu..; (-lik, -lık, -luk, -lük) as in yaz-lık, göz-lük…; (-cı, -ci, -cu, -cü/-çı, -çi, -çu, -çü) as in gemi-ci, kira-cı, su-cu, çiçek-çi..; (-gı, -gi, -gu, -gü) as in sar-gı, sil-gi,..; (-sız, -siz, -suz, -süz) as in ev-siz…
  • applying the rule of great vowel harmony when adding nominal case endings -(e), -(i), -d(e), -d(e)n to different nouns, such as ev-e, ev-i, ev-de, ev-den, ev-in
  • learning the correct written form of suffixes, for example, instead of using spoken/colloquial predicates such as gelcem or alcan, using the written form, geleceğim and alacaksın; instead of using geliyom, using the correct spelling geliyorum
  • using the conditional marker -s(e) and/or the word eğer in compound sentences, for example, (Eğer) yağmur yağarsa geziye gitmeyeceğiz, comparing this with conditional verb forms in English
  • using interrogative word endings in different tenses and personal prounouns, for example, Geliyor musun? Gelecek misiniz?
  • using the negative marker - m(a), as in Ramazan Bayramı’nda tüm okullar tatile girmeyecek, and the adverb for negation -değil to negate any sentences without a verb, and using appropriate suffixes as in değil-im, değil-sinRamazan Bayramı’nda tüm okullar tatile girmeyecek değil mi?
  • using appropriate endings for subject–verb agreements in simple and compound sentences
  • recognising different types of formal and informal honorific forms such as Efendi, Sayın, Bey/Hanım, Amca,Teyze
  • using conjunctions and comparatives to evaluate and express opinion, for example, -a göre, sence, hiç/çok uzun değil
  • recognising and using compound and some complex sentences
  • learning basıc metaphors, similes such as aslan gibi and common idiomatic expressions and proverbs, for example, Damlaya damlaya göl olur, ateş pahası, nazar değmesin
  • building metalanguage to talk about grammar, using terms such as bağlaçlar, Özne ile yüklem uyumu, -de/-da ekler, ilgi zamiri –ki, edatlar
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Turkish language

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