Turkish / Year 5 and 6 / Understanding / Language variation and change

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Curriculum content descriptions

Understand that the Turkish language has evolved and developed through different periods of influence from other languages, cultures and changes

[Key concepts: language contact, language change, globalisation; Key processes: observing, analysing, discussing, reflecting]


  • identifying loan words and phrases used in particular domains, such as food, music or social media, discussing how the Turkish language and associated behaviours reflect contemporary and global influences, for example, the use of web sitesi, rap yapmak, fast food, part time, single
  • understanding causes and effects of historical developments and reforms to the Turkish language, such as changes implemented under the leadership of Atatürk and changing the script from Arabic to Latin in 1928
  • understanding that languages constantly expand to include new words and expressions, due to influences such as changing technologies, digital media and intercultural exchange, for example, e-posta, yazıcı, tarayıcı, çevrimiçi; and that they sometimes lose terms or expressions which have no relevance to current contexts, such as karatahta, telgraf, arzuhalci
  • identifying how loan words are incorporated into Turkish by changing the spelling to fit Turkish pronunciation and the principles of great vowel harmony, for example, mektup, kalem, sandalye, polis
General capabilities
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Turkish language

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