Turkish / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Language variation and change

Curriculum content descriptions

Investigate changes to Turkish over time and across contexts, reflecting on changes in their personal use of the language

[Key concepts: change, social media, history, culture; Key processes: tracking, reflecting, discussing]


  • identifying changes in their ways of communicating in Turkish due to the influence of factors such as technology, social media, peer influence and intercultural experience, for example, the use of acronyms, emoticons, ‘selfies’ and abbreviations in text messaging such as nbr (ne haber), tmm (tamam), slm (selam), kib (kendine iyi bak), bye (güle güle) and aeo (allaha emanet ol)
  • finding evidence of cross-cultural influences in Turkish and Australian English, for example, the use of words such as Anzaklar, bumerang, bay bay and Aborijini in Turkish and ‘Gallipoli’, ‘young Turks’, ‘doner’, ‘coffee’, ‘kebab’ and ‘kiosk’ in Australian English
  • analysing texts such as the Turkish national anthem, istiklal marşı, investigating the origins of loan words such as şafak, istiklal, çehre
  • investigating changes in communication styles due to influences from other languages and cultures in contemporary forms of Turkish expression, for example, the use of words such as, enteresan, genetik, avantaj, çare, and otoban, identifying existing equivalent terms such as ilginç, kalıtımsal, fayda/üstünlük, çözüm and otoyol
  • collecting examples of words, expressions or gestures used by their grandparents or parents but less frequently used among people in their age group, for example, nâfile, derya, zat-ı ali, sultanım, hazretleri, cihanda sulh, reflecting on reasons for such changes
  • investigating how Turkish uses word derivation tools to create new words that reflect social or cultural change or innovation, for example, the use of gün- in günce, the use of yaz- to create yazgı, yazılım, yazıcı, yazışma and yazdırım
  • comparing variations in language forms and modes of expression in different Turkish-speaking regions and countries, such as Azerbaijan or Cyprus
  • identifying how language change reflects social, political and historical influences and events, for example, the change of Turkish script firstly to Arabic during the Ottoman period under the leadership of the sultans and then to modern Turkish script under the leadership of Atatürk
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Turkish language

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