Vietnamese / Foundation to Year 2 / Understanding / Role of language and culture

Curriculum content descriptions

Understand that the ways in which people use language reflect their cultures, and relate to where and how they live and what is important to them

[Key concepts: language, culture, identity; Key processes: understanding, noticing]


  • identifying gestures, words and phrases that reflect aspects of Vietnamese culture, for example, folding arms, using both hands to offer something, and saying dạ, thưa, vâng ạ to show respect
  • identifying elements of Vietnamese cultural representation, such as flags, sporting emblems or cultural items (for example, áo dài, nón lá and xích-lô) in paintings or pictures of landscapes, folk tales or movies, and making comparisons with those of other cultures
  • exploring the meaning of ‘culture’, recognising that it involves visible elements such as ways of eating, for example, how and why Vietnamese people use chopsticks and spoons instead of knives and forks (Ở nhà em ăn bằng đũa), and invisible elements such as how people live, what they value, and how they think about themselves and others
  • discussing how and why gestures can be interpreted differently in different cultures, for example, using the fingers to beckon to others is considered appropriate in some cultures but impolite in Vietnamese culture
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Vietnamese language

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