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Mathematics / Foundation / Measurement and Geometry / Using units of measurement

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Use direct and indirect comparisons to decide which is longer, heavier or holds more, and explain reasoning in everyday language (ACMMG006)

Elaborations
  • comparing objects directly, by placing one object against another to determine which is longer or by pouring from one container into the other to see which one holds more
  • using suitable language associated with measurement attributes, such as ‘tall’ and ‘taller’, ‘heavy’ and ‘heavier’, ‘holds more’ and ‘holds less’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Volume (Dimensions),  Length,  Mass

Video

Measuring length informally

How do we measure how big something is? Flynn and Dodley want to see who has the bigger toy bus. Which bus is taller, wider, longer? Flynn models how to measure his bus using sticks so he can make a garage for his 'magic' bus. The Flying girl and others also do some measuring.

Video

What holds the most?

Flynn and Dodly are going on a camping adventure. Watch how they measure the capacity of different containers. Which container will hold the most? 'Dodly the Adventurer' needs a container to put all his precious rocks in. Can you find a container big enough?

Online

Measuring familiar things

Explore the attributes of familiar items. Make direct comparisons of these items based on length, mass (heaviness) or capacity (volume, or how much something holds). Use appropriate everyday language to describe the comparisons made. Use uniform informal units to measure items. Tell the time to the hour and half-hour using ...

Video

Volumes and surface areas

Take two differently shaped containers, for example, a tall, skinny cylinder and a short wide one. Which one will hold more beads? The result may surprise you! It's all about capacity. Two containers with the same surface area can have very different shapes and sizes, so they can have different volumes and hold different ...

Interactive

Sites2See – measurement for primary

Selected links to a range of interactive and print resources for Measurement topics in K-6 Mathematics.

Image

Women stapling ration books, 1943

This is a sepia-toned photograph, taken in April 1943, of young women at the South Australian Government Printing Office using large machines to staple ration books.

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Students digging trenches at Ascot State School, Brisbane, 1942

This black-and-white photograph shows schoolchildren digging air-raid trenches in the grounds of Ascot State School in Brisbane, Queensland, on 24 January 1942. Working in the slit trenches, knee deep or deeper, the male students use picks and shovels to dig and remove the earth. A man digging with them on the right is ...

Image

Morning at Passchendaele, 1917

This is a black-and-white composite photograph, taken by Frank Hurley on the morning after the first battle of Passchendaele during the First World War, showing Australian infantry survivors laying out and placing blankets over dead soldiers around a blockhouse near the site of Zonnebeke Railway Station in Belgium on 12 ...

Online

Australia and the First World War - a unit of work

This unit of work for middle and upper secondary students explores the influence of the First World War on the construction of Australian identity. An introductory exploration of the Australian digger myth and legend is followed by five activities framed as investigations. Links are provided to a variety of online resources, ...

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Cartoon of an Australian wife kissing a US soldier, 1943

This cartoon shows a US soldier romancing the wife of an Australian soldier. A shocked Australian Army private in uniform is depicted peering from behind a curtain at his attractive wife in the arms of a suave-looking US staff sergeant, who is also in uniform. The private holds a photograph album and the uniform hats of ...

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Air-raid shelter in Brisbane, 1942

This black-and-white photograph shows two women and two uniformed servicemen in a backyard featuring a homemade air-raid shelter during the Second World War. The two men, Private Dick of the AIF and US soldier Tom Squires, are standing in the shelter with Anthea Dyke while Doreen Smythe is jokingly pointing a hose at them. ...

Image

US soldier and air-raid shelter, Brisbane, 1942

This colour photograph taken in May 1942 shows a US army officer posing at the entrance of an underground air-raid shelter in Brisbane. The photo was taken in the grounds of Somerville House, an exclusive girls' boarding school requisitioned by the US forces in the Second World War as one of their headquarters in Brisbane. ...

Image

Sheet music cover for 'Australia draws her maiden sword', 1885

This is the damaged front cover of a three-page score for the song 'Australia Draws her Maiden Sword'. It depicts Australia as a maiden drawing her long sword and preparing for imminent conflict. Behind her, troops are shown marching out of their encampment. On the bottom of the cover in copperplate are the words 'WRITTEN ...

Online

reSolve: Woolly Worms

This sequence of two lessons engages students in comparing lengths of pieces of wool: 'woolly worms'. Students use direct comparison to order their collection of worms from shortest to longest. They learn to order their collection of worms using a variety of strategies, to record lengths using informal units, to draw worms ...

Online

Primary mathematics: open-ended tasks

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'open-ended tasks' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use investigations in order ...

Interactive

Face painter: finding faces 1

Identify polygons on a range of prisms and polyhedra such as a cube, square pyramid or triangular prism. Picture in your head all sides of a solid. Estimate how many faces the object has. Rotate it to see all of its faces. Paint each face of a given shape such as a triangle or rectangle.

Interactive

Number trains

Arrange train carriages according to numbers on their sides. The numbers are represented in a range of formats such as words, numerals, dice dots or counting frames. Identify the numbers that come before and after starting numbers. Begin with numbers up to ten. Move on to work with larger numbers such as 40 and 50. Practise ...

Interactive

Fraction fiddle: matching cake fractions

Fill orders in a cake shop. Match a fraction to parts of a cake. For example, identify the fraction of a cake remaining after it has had one quarter removed. Check your prediction by making the fraction and seeing what it looks like as part of a circle. Watch the circle change as you adjust the numerals in the numerator ...

Interactive

Divide it up: puppies

Use a dividing tool to make equal shares of biscuits and toys in a pet shop. For example, share 34 biscuits equally between 6 puppies. Predict how many items each puppy will get, or how many packets can be filled. Check your prediction. Decide what to do with any leftovers. Complete a sentence describing the number operations.

Interactive

Finding the area of compound shapes

Find the area of compound shapes based on rectangles on a grid. Explore how the formula works for finding a rectangle's area. First, estimate the area of a compound shape based on rectangles on a grid. Second, work out the correct formula for finding area by placing rows and columns of squares inside two rectangles. Then, ...