Mathematics / Year 8 / Measurement and Geometry / Using units of measurement

Curriculum content descriptions

Find perimeters and areas of parallelograms, trapeziums, rhombuses and kites (ACMMG196)

Elaborations
  • establishing and using formulas for areas such as trapeziums, rhombuses and kites
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Area,  Quadrilaterals,  Perimeter

Interactive

The Mathematical Toolkit

A 2D Shapes tool that can be used to create geometric objects such as quadrilaterals, circles, triangles, lines, arcs, rays, segments and vectors on a coordinate grid. Plot and label the vertices to reveal the internal angles, side lengths, area and perimeter, then manipulate the shapes on a grid to transform their shape ...

Interactive

Renovate, Calculate!

A student resource that explores the use of mathematics in the trades. Highly interactive investigations into ratio, areas of special quadrilaterals and right-angled trigonometry.

Interactive

Area of a parallelogram

This is a Geogebra activity used to teach the area of a parallelogram. Suitable for use with an interactive whiteboard (IWB).

Online

TIMES Module 11: Measurement and Geometry: area, volume and surface area - teacher guide

This is a 15-page guide for teachers containing explanations of the derivation of formulas for the areas of parallelograms, trapeziums, rhombuses and kites. Formulas for the volumes and surface areas of prisms and cylinders are obtained. Applications of these formulas are given. A history of the development of these concepts ...

Online

Area and perimeter: Year 8 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 8 is for the topic of Area and perimeter. Students build on their knowledge of the area and perimeter of rectangles, parallelograms and triangles to rhombi, kites and trapezia. They identify and use the formulae for these to solve problems.

Online

Shapes and objects: Year 8 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 8 is for the topic of Shapes and objects. Students begin to explore geometric properties and proof. They identify the properties of quadrilaterals based on transformation, angles, parallel sides, side lengths, diagonals and symmetry.

Online

Circles and cylinders: Year 8 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 8 is for the topic of Circles and cylinders. Students recall and revise circumference, radius and diameter from Year 7. They understand the relationships between these measures and can use relevant formulae to solve problems.

Video

BTN: Calculating area using locust plagues

How many locusts in a plague? Find out just how big the threat of locusts can be and how farmers try to prevent the plagues from getting out of control. This clip provides context for a combination of area, area units and rate problems.

Online

reSolve: Circumference

This sequence of three lessons explores the properties of circles, in particular the relationship between the diameter and circumference. In the first lesson, students use a cylinder containing three tennis balls to understand that a circumference is 'three and a bit' times the diameter. They then complete five different ...

Online

Volume and surface area: Year 8 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 8 is for the topic of Volume and surface area. Students further develop their understanding of volume and capacity of right prisms by developing formulas, taking measurements and investigating, making approximations and solving problems in many contexts.

Online

TIMES Module 20: Measurement and Geometry: parallelograms and rectangles - teacher guide

This is a 17-page guide for teachers. It contains the definitions, properties and tests for parallelograms and rectangles. Proofs of the properties and tests are given. Constructions for parallelograms and rectangles are given.

Text

Geometric reasoning - congruence

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that introduces congruence of shapes in the plane through transformations. In particular, transformations, translations, reflections in an axis and rotations of multiples of 90 degrees are used to define congruence and to identify congruent shapes. The four congruence ...

Online

TIMES Module 10: Measurement and Geometry: introduction to measurement - teacher guide

This is a 16-page guide for teachers. It provides an introduction to the initial ideas of measurement, and introduces the measurement of length, area, volume and time.

Video

Stateline: Mapping farmland: using area and trigonometry

In northern Queensland's Gulf region, some farmers use GPS mapping to help manage their extensive properties. Use this clip as a context for applying your understanding of area, in particular your understanding of conversion between square kilometres and hectares. Apply trigonometry and Pythagoras' theorem.

Interactive

Numeracy wrap: Parallelogram peculiarities

Interactive activities that guide students to investigate properties of parallelograms.

Interactive

Area of a triangle

This is a Geogebra activity used to teach the area of a triangle. Suitable for use with an interactive whiteboard (IWB).

Interactive

Surface area and volume

This is an interactive resource about investigating the surface areas and volumes of rectangular and triangular prisms. The resource can be used in one of two modes. In the Explore mode, the student can vary the height, width and depth of the prism, and the surface area and volume are calculated automatically. In the Compute ...

Online

Circles

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that refers to the properties of circles including the circumference and area from the Australian Curriculum for year 8 students. It contains material on finding circumferences and areas of circles, and the areas and perimeters of shapes formed from circles and other ...

Interactive

The geometer's warehouse

This web-based, multimedia resource focuses on the geometry of the Stage 4 and Stage 5 Mathematics syllabus. It comprises 70 dynamic html worksheets, each exploring a different outcome in Stage 4 and Stage 5 geometry.

Online

reSolve: Area of a circle

This lesson explores the formula for calculating the area of a circle. Students estimate the area of a circle using inscribed and circumscribed squares, and investigate proofs of the area formula. Each lesson is outlined in detail including curriculum links, vocabulary, materials needed, sample answers, supporting PowerPoint ...