Mathematics / Year 2 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

Curriculum content descriptions

Solve simple addition and subtraction problems using a range of efficient mental and written strategies (ACMNA030)

  • becoming fluent with a range of mental strategies for addition and subtraction problems, such as commutativity for addition, building to 10, doubles, 10 facts and adding 10
  • modelling and representing simple additive situations using materials such as 10 frames, 20 frames and empty number lines
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Mental arithmetic,  Subtraction,  Addition,  Written calculations


Understanding Australian coins

This lesson is about Australian coins, their features, and their value. During the lesson, students explore what Australian coins look like, their value and their purpose. They identify and describe the features and value of Australian coins and make simple calculations using coins.


MoneySmart: Kieren's coin

This is a year 2 mathematics unit of work about money. The unit is intended to take about 10 hours of teaching and learning time. It consists of 11 student activities supported by teacher notes on curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. Student activities include responding to a story about a rare foreign coin, interacting ...


Piñata Party Tens (2-digit place value)

As a team, use your knowledge of tens and ones place values to help the goats release the treats from the piñata and have the GOAT party! Mathematical ideas and strategies this game supports: - Increasing and decreasing the value of 2-digit numbers. - Identifying the value of a digit based on its position in a numeral. - ...


Paying It Forward

This resource is a cross-curricular suite of units for Years F-6. The units develop understanding of tax and superannuation while focusing on understanding civic values and the financial wellbeing of students. There are three units, one each for F-2, 3-4 and 5-6 classrooms. They include downloadable materials, links to ...


Addition and subtraction: Year 2 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 2 is for the topic of Addition and subtraction. Students explore and test a range of computation strategies to solve additive situations – situations involving addition and subtraction.


reSolve: Authentic Problems: What's For Lunch?

This sequence of four lessons invites students to investigate how many of a chosen food item are eaten at their school in a year. Students identify the mathematical knowledge they need to find how many of the selected items they eat in a year and devise a plan to find the total number, using grouping, partitioning and repeated ...


Literacy and numeracy improvement: a whole-school approach

This teacher resource describes how 74 public schools in metropolitan, regional and rural Western Australia used three major components of the school improvement cycle to achieve significant improvement in the literacy and numeracy learning outcomes of their students. The resource is organised in nine sections: Summary, ...


Wishball: hundreds

Test your understanding of place value with three-digit numbers. Start with a three-digit whole number such as 507. A spinner provides a randomly generated digit. Choose its place value and add it to (or subtract it from) your starting number. Work towards a given target number, say 539, using other digits. You can choose ...


Numbers Count: Adding two numbers

How many different ways can you think of to add two numbers to reach ten? Watch this video to learn them all!


Multiplication and division: Year 2 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 2 is for the topic of Multiplication and division. Students begin to explore multiplication and realise that it can be represented in many ways.


Mathematical modelling: Year 2 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 2 is for the topic of Mathematical modelling. Students use mathematical modelling to solve practical problems involving additive and multiplicative situations, including money transactions; represent situations and choose calculation strategies; interpret and communicate solutions in terms ...


Duck in a Bucket - Calculate

In this game for pairs or teams, students practise addition and subtraction of small numbers, using multiple strategies.


Work sample Year 2 Mathematics: Trick or treat

This work sample demonstrates evidence of student learning in relation to aspects of the achievement standards for Year 2 Mathematics. The primary purpose for the work sample is to demonstrate the standard, so the focus is on what is evident in the sample not how it was created. The sample is an authentic representation ...


Pattern & Algebra Year 2 - Calculate

The focus of this activity is to discover if students can use numbers to describe a pattern that it written as a description. From here we are interested in finding out if students can interpret the pattern, discover the rule and apply this rule to find missing or future terms.


Make 10 - Calculate

This game challenges students to choose pairs of cards that sum to ten. The game develops students' skills of addition and subtraction, creating simple equations and using mathematical language to describe their thinking processes.


Salute - Calculate

This game gives students opportunities to practise addition and subtraction strategies and develop algebraic thinking by finding unknown values in additive equations.


Addition and Subtraction - Calculate

This game focuses on addition, subtraction and estimation. It can be played many times as the totals will often be different and the focus of the mathematics can change. There is a video included to help with how to play the game.


Addition & Subtraction Year 2 - Calculate

The focus of this activity is to find out what students know about different addition strategies.


Odd & Even Year 1 & 2 - Calculate

In this lesson students investigate odd and even numbers.


reSolve: Algebra - Equivalence

This sequence of two lessons builds students' understanding of equivalence as balance. The equals sign is used to indicate the same value on both sides of an equation. Students develop their understanding of equivalence by looking at balancing scales with blocks of different weights. Each lesson is outlined in detail including ...