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Mathematics / Year 2 / Number and Algebra / Patterns and algebra

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Describe patterns with numbers and identify missing elements (ACMNA035)

  • describing a pattern created by skip counting and representing the pattern on a number line
  • investigating features of number patterns resulting from adding twos, fives or 10s
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Number patterns

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Sites2See: Patterns and Algebra

Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of patterns and algebra in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.


Number trains: counting on: assessment: teacher guide

Use this resource with 'Number trains: counting on: assessment' (L8276). First, see a profile of that assessment object, which gives you some helpful background information. Then follow clear guidelines on the interpretation of student input related to counting forwards and backwards from a given number. Included are information ...


reSolve: Algebra - Equivalence

This sequence of two lessons builds students' understanding of equivalence as balance. The equals sign is used to indicate the same value on both sides of an equation. Students develop their understanding of equivalence by looking at balancing scales with blocks of different weights. Each lesson is outlined in detail including ...


Musical number patterns: music maker

Make some music by building up rhythms for four instruments. Choose a starting point on a number line and build a counting rule. Count in lots between 2 and 10 until you reach 36. Add your number several times on the number line to make a pattern. For example, set up a sound pattern where a trumpet waits on the first note, ...


Odd and even numbers

Do you know what makes an odd number and what makes an even number? There are a few ways to test whether a number is odd or even. Find out about one method in this video, then see if you can discover at least one other method.


Musical number patterns: musical times

Make some music by building up rhythms from four instruments. Make a counting rule that matches a pattern on a number line. Select the start number and then select a number to count by. For example, describe a sound pattern where a saxophone waits on the first note, and then plays on every eighth note. Add a second number ...


The difference bar: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains how to split up numbers in your head when finding the difference between two numbers such as 26 and 73. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use linear partitioning techniques. Find the difference between pairs of numbers. Split ...


reSolve: Multiplication - reSolve Fruit Shop

This sequence of two lessons explores the use of arrays to determine how many objects are in a collection. Students use strategies such as skip counting, repeated addition and partitioning the array into smaller parts. They investigate how some numbers can be represented as an array in different ways. They also explore ...


The array: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving simple multiplications in your head such as 6x4. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to break up numbers into their factors. Solve multiplications by using arrays to break them up into rows and columns, then ...


reSolve: Place Value Cards

This sequence of two lessons explores the multiplicative place value properties of numbers. Students learn to represent numbers up to 1000 as multiples of 100s, 10s and 1s. Students skip count according to random arrangements of place value cards and explore whether the order of the cards affects the totals. They then use ...


TIMES Module 1: Number and Algebra: counting and place value - teacher guide

This is a 16-page guide for teachers. It is a module introducing the concept of place value.


Counting games - years 1 and 2

This is a teacher resource that includes a set of student activities including counting games, focusing on numbers to 100, accompanied by copy masters and a detailed teacher guide for each activity. The games include the Korean number counting game sam yew gew - referred to as 'sam-yuk-gu' in the Australian Curriculum. ...


MoneySmart: Kieren's coin

This is a year 2 mathematics unit of work about money. The unit is intended to take about 10 hours of teaching and learning time. It consists of 11 student activities supported by teacher notes on curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. Student activities include responding to a story about a rare foreign coin, interacting ...


Primary mathematics: games, simulations and modelling

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'games, simulations and modelling' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use games, ...


reSolve: Authentic Problems: What's For Lunch?

This sequence of four lessons invites students to investigate how many of a chosen food item are eaten at their school in a year. Students identify the mathematical knowledge they need to find how many of the selected items they eat in a year and devise a plan to find the total number, using grouping, partitioning and repeated ...


reSolve: Authentic Problems: Bunches of Balloons

This sequence of three lessons introduces division and multiplication through the context of decorating a room with clusters of balloons. Students carry out an inquiry using a variety of processes associated with multiplication and division such as grouping concrete objects, arrays, repeated addition and skip counting. ...


reSolve: Multiplication: Making Robots

This sequence of lessons introduces the key idea of multiplication as a Cartesian product, using the language of 'for each'. Students explore the total number of different robots that can be made using three heads, three bodies and three feet. The students represent the different combinations for the robots as array. The ...


Exploring addition and subtraction

This collection contains 12 digital curriculum resources from the 'Counting beetles' and 'Number trains' series. The collection includes two categories of counting strategies: counting on and back, to give students practice in counting on or back from any number up to 120; and counting using number representations. A third ...


Number trains

Arrange train carriages according to numbers on their sides. The numbers are represented in a range of formats such as words, numerals, dice dots or counting frames. Identify the numbers that come before and after starting numbers. Begin with numbers up to ten. Move on to work with larger numbers such as 40 and 50. Practise ...